ePrivacy and GPDR Cookie Consent by Cookie Consent
The leading association
of public opinion and
survey research professionals
American Association for Public Opinion Research

In Memoriam

In an effort to share news with the AAPOR membership, contact AAPOR Headquarters if you have information about the passing of an AAPOR member or other significant member of the public opinion and survey research community.


Richard Warnecke
Rchard B. "Dick" Warnecke passed away on Friday, August 19, 2022, just a few days short of his 85th birthday and the 59th anniversary of his marriage to his beloved wife, Barbara. He was born in Brooklyn, NY on August 23, 1937, to Robert and Althea Warnecke.

After graduating from Cornell University in 1959, where he was in the Naval ROTC program, Dick served two years of active duty as a naval officer. Following his military service, he earned a Master's degree from Colgate and a Ph.D. in Sociology from Duke. After a short period at the State University of New York at Buffalo, Dick and his family moved to the Chicago area where he was a faculty member at the University of Illinois at Chicago for nearly 50 years, holding appointments in Public Policy, Sociology and Public Health.

For much of that time he was Asst. Director and then Director of the University of Illinois Survey Research Laboratory. After his official retirement in 2007, he continued to serve in various roles in UIC's Health Research and Policy Centers and at the UIC Cancer Center. Over the course of his long career, Dick conducted research and community outreach that provided immeasurable service to women at risk for and with cancer. He worked to develop and implement interventions that made a difference in women's lives. Early in his career, his research centered on Illinois' cancer information needs and he strongly influenced the creation of the state cancer registry in the mid-1980s.

Dick next turned his attention to smoking, focusing on the fact that more women die from lung cancer than from any other cancer. He led a team to develop a set of novel media-based, smoking cessation approaches specifically targeted to women.

Later in his career, Dick and his team worked to better understand why Black women with breast cancer are more likely than their white counterparts to be diagnosed with late-stage, high-grade disease and more aggressive subtypes of breast cancer. In his distinguished career Dick published more than 100 peer-reviewed scientific papers along with numerous book chapters.

He made a special effort to recruit and mentor junior investigators from underrepresented minority groups and was influential in launching the careers of many researchers who followed in his footsteps to address health disparities. To read more about Dick's life and impact on the field, please click here.


Elihu Katz
Katz,-Elihu.jpgAAPOR mourns the loss of Elihu Katz, Distinguished Trustee Emeritus Professor of Communication at the University of Pennsylvania’s Annenberg School for Communication, who passed away in his home in Jerusalem on December 31, 2021, at the age of 95.  For well over half a century, his scholarship has been foundational to public opinion research as well as to the formation and development of the field of communication and media studies.
Elihu’s intellectual and geographic journey was a rich and rewarding one. He received his BA, MA, and PhD (all in sociology) from Columbia University. At the time, Columbia’s Bureau of Applied Social Research and its collection of eminent theorists and researchers were engaged in applied and scholarly studies on the influence of various forms of interpersonal and mass communications. The Bureau was also a leader in developing a variety of qualitative and quantitative methods and research designs for measuring public opinion and media effects.
Elihu was more than a student during this nascent period, working as a research associate at the Bureau and later holding a lecturer position in Columbia’s Department of Sociology and School of General Studies. During this time, he coauthored (with Paul Lazarsfeld) Personal Influence: The Part Played by People in the Flow of Mass Communications, selected by AAPOR as one of the fifty books that most shaped public opinion research. Serving as first author on this ambitious project, the book and related work established the “two-step flow” theory of communication, a theory that remains the subject of study and debate to this day and that has gained new purchase as research and theorizing on social networks and social media have blossomed. Personal Influence has been so significant to the field that it was republished on its 50th anniversary with a new and insightful introduction by Katz.
Few scholars ever produce a work with the import of Personal Influence, but this was only the beginning for Elihu. He went on to a distinguished career, first at the University of Chicago’s Department of Sociology, then as a professor of sociology and communication at Hebrew University, and finally as the Distinguished Trustee Professor of Communication at Penn’s Annenberg School. Along the way, he also held visiting professorships at the University of Manchester (England), the University of Padua (Italy), Keio University (Japan), and the University of Vienna (Austria). From the mid-1980s until 1993, when he joined Penn’s Annenberg School, he spent half of each year at the University of Southern California’s Annenberg School.  To read more about Elihu's life and impact on the field, please click here.

Walter K Lindenmann 

Walter K Lindenmann died on Saturday, May 1, 2021, at the age of 84. Walter was born in Brooklyn, N.Y. on October 26, 1936, the son of the late Karl and Elsie Lindenmann. He was an Honorary Life Member of AAPOR.  

Walter started his career as a newsman for United Press International, and was the education editor for the Denver Post and the Hartford Times. As a public relations executive, he managed the research departments. He was director of Survey Research of Hill and Knowlton, Inc. and President of its research subsidiary, Group Attitudes Corporation, from 1976 to 1985. He created the Research Department of Ketchum Worldwide and served as the company’s Senior Vice President/Director of Research from 1987 to 2000. He also served as Director of University Relations at Hofstra University, and as Assistant Director of Public Information for the Connecticut State department of Education, as a public relations account supervisor at Hill and Knowlton Inc. and as manager of Opinion Research Corporation.

Walter lectured extensively in the United States and also Austria, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hong Kong, Italy, the Netherlands, Puerto Rico, Singapore and Spain.

For several years, he served as a visiting adjunct professor of public relations research at Syracuse University and Virginia Commonwealth University.

In 1999, Walter was named by PR Week as one of the 100 most influential public relations professionals of the 20th century.

Walter earned a bachelor’s degree in English from Queens College in New York City, a master’s degree in journalism and a PhD in sociology from Columbia University. While at Queens College, he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and was a member of the Lutheran Club, where he met his wife, Ellen.

Walter and Ellen lived in Denver, West Hartford, Port Chester and Dix Hills, N.Y. The couple retired to Lake Monticello, Va. in 2000. Walter was active in Grace and Glory Lutheran Church, the Fluvanna Flutterwheels square dance club and the Friendship Force of Charlottesville, Va.

Walter loved the opera, traveling, and camping with his family. He loved sports and was an avid fan of Notre Dame.

He is survived by his wife of 58 years, Ellen Ann, a former New York City teacher and guidance counselor; four children, Melanie Brooks, Paul and his wife Cathy, Mark and his wife Karen and Meredith and her husband James Wankel; eight grandchildren, Christine, Renee, Kathryn, Eve, Gage, Max, Julianna and Jessica; sister, Annemarie Noto; and sister-in-law Arlene Benzmiller. He was preceded in death by two grandchildren, Keith and Alyson Brooks.

There will be a memorial service to celebrate Walters’ life at a later date.

In lieu of flowers, the family asks that donations be made to Grace and Glory Lutheran Church at 683 Thomas Jefferson Parkway, Palmyra, VA 22963, or the Hospice of the Piedmont.

Condolences may be sent to the family here.

Howard Schuman
Howard Schuman died Sunday, April 18, 2021, in Maine, where he lived for 26 years. He was 93 and had been married to Josephine Miles Schuman for 70 years until she died the month before him. They are survived by their three children, Marc, Elisabeth, and Wade. 

Howard was a professor in the University of Michigan sociology department for 32 years and directed the Michigan Survey Research Center from 1982-1990. An Honorary Life Member of AAPOR, Howard served as POQ editor (1986-1993) and AAPOR president (1986-1987). His research, much of it in collaboration with other AAPOR members, has had an enduring influence. One of his books, Questions and Answers in Attitude Surveys: Experiments on Question Form, Wording, and Context, co-authored with Stanley Presser, is on AAPOR’s 1995 list of “50 Books that Have Shaped Public Opinion Research.” Another of his books, Racial Attitudes in America: Trends and Interpretations, co-authored with Charlotte Steeh, Lawrence Bobo, and Maria Krysan, won the AAPOR Book Award in 2005. He worked almost to the end, co-authoring the book Generations and Collective Memory with Amy Corning when he was 87. 

Lars Lyberg

Lars-Lyberg.jpgLars was born near Stockholm on December 1, 1944, and spent much of his life in Stockholm.

He studied statistics at Stockholm University where he gained a doctorate under the supervision of Tore Dalenius, an early innovator in survey statistics. Like most Swedes he also had a stint of military service. He started his professional work career at Statistics Sweden in 1966 and spent the next 44 years there, culminating in his appointment as head of the Research and Development Department.

Since retiring from Statistics Sweden, he worked as a consultant in survey methods and quality management. Since 2003 he taught at Stockholm University with professorial status in recognition of his past contributions. He continued teaching post-retirement.
Some of his notable contributions include:

  • Developer and Founding Editor of the Journal of Official Statistics in 1985 which continues to perform strongly with a high impact factor. He was Editor-in-Chief for 25 years.
  • Elected President of the International Association of Survey Statisticians for 2 years from 1993 to 1995.
  • Elected member of the International Statistical Institute.
  • Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society.
  • Fellow of the American Statistical Association.
  • Chair of Survey Methods Section at American Statistical Association.
  • Represented Sweden in the development of ISO Standard 20252 on Market, Opinion and Social Research.
  • Taught methodology issues in the survey field in over ten countries.
  • Member of the European Statistical Governance Advisory Board.

Lars wrote or edited twelve books, eight in the Wiley series in Survey Methodology. These latter include Data Quality Assurance (1977), Telephone Survey Methodology (1988), Measurement Errors in Surveys (1991), Survey Measurement and Process Quality (1997), Introduction to Survey Quality (2003), Survey Methods in Multicultural, Multinational, and Multiregional Contexts (2010), and Total Survey Error in Practice (2017). The 2010 book won the 2013 American Association in Public Opinion Research’s Book Award which recognizes “books that have influenced our understanding of public opinion or survey research methodology.” His latest contributions include Big Data Meets Survey Science: A Collection of Innovative Methods (2020) and a yet-to-be-published volume on computational social science. Lars also wrote numerous journal articles and book chapters on survey methods and quality. His work at the intersection of total survey error and survey quality has had a profound impact on how survey programs and organizations manage for survey quality.

Lars maintained active membership in:

  • International Association for Survey Statisticians;
  • International Association for Official Statistics;
  • American Society for Quality;
  • American Association for Public Opinion Research;
  • American Statistical Association; and
  • Swedish Statistical Society.

Lars was a very effective statistician at Statistics Sweden, specializing in survey methods, but he was probably best known for his external contributions and international collaborations. Lars began his interest in international collaborations when his mentor, Dalenius, left Stockholm University to teach at Brown University in the U.S. Dalenius invited Lars to Brown and introduced him to U.S. colleagues working in the field. Lars became a highly effective international collaborator who has been described as modest by nature, generous of his time to help others, and a mentor to many younger survey researchers. A long-time colleague and friend recently wrote:

His leadership derived partly from his humility.  He was quiet, always; listening, always. And when everyone had their say, he would invent ways to push good ideas forward.  He would respect the idea and subordinate his role, if necessary, to promote the idea.  Often, no one noticed he was leading us.  One of the rarest, and thus most admirable, trait of scholars is humility.

There are three notable examples of where Lars organized and brought together survey researchers to examine critical research challenges facing the industry. He was one of the founders of three highly successful and ongoing yearly workshops: the International Workshop on Household Survey Nonresponse (in its 31st year), the International Total Survey Error Workshop (in its 16th year) and the International Comparative Survey Design and Implementation Workshop (in its 19th year). His contributions to the field also include service on more than 50 international advisory committees.

Lars has been one of the giants of survey methods. He was the winner of the 2012 American Statistical Association’s Waksberg Award for his lengthy and valuable contribution to survey methodology. He won the 2013 World Association for Public Opinion Research’s Helen Dinerman Award as well as the 2018 American Association for Public Opinion Research Lifetime Achievement Award. The citation from the Dinerman Award provides an excellent summary of his contributions.

He received the award for his rigorous introduction of the concept of quality in the design, operation, and management of surveys", his "efforts to improve data quality and minimize total survey error during his long-career at Statistics Sweden", his profound influence on the international survey-research community and his work as founding editor of the Journal of Official Statistics  (JOS), which "besides being one of the top journals in the field is freely available to readers". The award is also won for being "co-author and co-editor of many of the leading books on survey-research methods over the last 40 years." As formulated in the diploma: "Contributing to any of these volumes would mark Lyberg as a star, collectively they make him a constellation. Additionally, he has made important contributions to many international organizations in the field of statistics and survey research." Among the contributions listed is providing leadership to the worldwide development of survey methodology. The award is given for "outstanding contributions to survey methodology."
Lars had many interests besides statistics—especially sports where he had encyclopaedic knowledge, especially with regard to tennis, football (soccer) and American baseball. Indeed, he was an excellent tennis player in his younger days and refereed international tennis matches. He enjoyed telling stories of arguing with the likes of Bjorn Borg over line calls. A colleague and good friend recently shared some of his fondest memories: 

But we were much more than colleagues; we were friends.  We took several trips to Spring Training in Florida over the years.  The trips lasted for 10 days, and we were on the road four of those days. Of course, I had to introduce him to southern cooking along the way. We spent a lot of time talking about survey methodology, but there was so much more.  In the beginning, we would get to two games a day.  As we got older, we settled for one.  Lars was an Oriole fan, and I was a Yankee fan.  We had to see the Orioles and Yankees at least once.  It was great when the two teams were playing each other.  I know that those trips were among the high points in my life, and I hope that was true for Lars.  I know we will all miss him terribly.

Lars is survived by his partner, Lilli Japec, a fellow statistician at Statistics Sweden, who also became head of Research and Development subsequent to Lars’ retirement; his two adult sons, Luis and Carlos, adopted from Bolivia during his first marriage; and hundreds of friends, colleagues and students. 


Joe L. Spaeth

AAPOR mourns Joe L. Spaeth, who died December 19 at his home in Corvallis, Oregon. He and his wife, Mary Nichols Arragon Spaeth, were Honorary Life Members of AAPOR.

Joe’s foci were the sociology of education, quantitative analysis including methods such as path analysis, social and occupational stratification, and the sociology of organizations. He was a principal investigator and one of the designers of the 1991 National Organizations Study.

Joe received a Master’s degree in 1958 and a PhD in 1961, both from the University of Chicago in Sociology. His first positions were at units affiliated with the University of Chicago, primarily the National Opinion Research Center (NORC). After three years in research positions at the University of California/Berkeley, he returned to NORC as a Senior Study Director. In 1971 he joined the faculty of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign with joint appointments in the Department of Sociology and the Survey Research Laboratory. Starting as an associate professor and research associate professor, he became a full professor and research professor in 1981 and remained in those positions until his retirement in 1993.  He was also director of the university’s Social Science Quantitative Laboratory from 1981 to 1985.

AAPOR offers condolences to his friends, family and colleagues.

Janet Streicher

Janet-Streicher.jpgAAPOR mourns the loss of Janet Streicher, who died November 16, 2020. She had been the survey director for Baruch College Survey Center since 2015 and was an active member of AAPOR, the New York chapter of AAPOR (NYAAPOR) and World Association for Public Opinion Research (WAPOR).
At the time of her death, Janet was serving as the chair of the Professional Standards Committee for WAPOR. She had also served in various leadership roles for AAPOR including chair of the Membership and Chapter Relations Committee and treasurer. Janet served two terms as the president of NYAAPOR and received NYAAPOR’s 2020 Harry W. O’Neill Outstanding Achievement Award.
Learn more about Janet on the WAPOR website and in this letter from NYAAPOR President Jay Mattlin. NYAAPOR is planning a virtual tribute for Janet and invites those who knew her to share memories of her on the NYAAPOR website. Janet’s family and friends are also gathering virtually to remember her on December 17, 7-8:30 ET. To attend or share any thoughts you would like read on your behalf, please email Marjorie Connelly.
Janet’s family, friends and colleagues miss her dearly and AAPOR offers condolences to everyone affected by her loss.

Jennifer Edgar

We are saddened to share that Jennifer Ann (Shields) Edgar, Ph.D., of Olney, Maryland, died unexpectedly Sunday, November, 8, 2020.

She earned her PhD from the University of Virginia in educational research and joined the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics in 2003. There she served as a research psychologist for nine years and as director of the Behavioral Science Research Center for seven years. She became the associate commissioner for survey methods and research at the Bureau of Labor Statistics in April 2020.

Jennifer was a longtime member of AAPOR and DC-AAPOR who attended numerous AAPOR annual conferences. Her colleagues remember her wit, kindness and dedication to her work.

The family has asked that, in lieu of flowers, donations be made in Jennifer's name to the Charlottesville Albemarle SPCA. Those wishing to donate can also contribute to her children’s college funds via this GoFundMe. To learn more about Jennifer or share a memory of her, see her obituary.

AAPOR offers condolences to her family, friends and colleagues.

Anne Schuetz Zanes 

Anne Schuetz was born in Lawler, Iowa on June 9, 1920.

She graduated from Omaha Central High School in 1937 and attended Creighton College in Omaha with a major in journalism. In the Fall of 1941, she became one of the earliest employees of the newly organized National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Denver. She soon headed the interviewing department and was also study director of various important projects.

One story she told was about how she and NORC founder Harry H. Field did pretesting under great time constraints. "Our secret Washington client wanted a telegraphic survey done that night. We wrote some tentative questions, and as supper time approached, Harry suggested that we go down to Larimer Street for dinner... We took a typewriter and carbon paper and between courses we would dash out on the street to pretest the questions, revise them and go again before dessert." She was one of the original attendees of the 1946 Central City Conference on Public Opinion which led to the formal formation of the American Association for Public Opinion Research the following year. She left NORC in 1947 when it moved to the University of Chicago. It is likely she stayed on with the Opinion Research Center, a newly-created NORC affiliate at the University of Denver, headed by Don Cahalan, which closed in 1949. She then went to Germany for several years working with Cahalan as part of the Attitude Research unit of the military occupation administration in the US zone in Germany.

By 1953 she was back in the United States in Washington, DC working at the American Research Bureau founded by Cahalan in 1952. In 1957, a subsidiary, ARB Surveys, Inc. was started with Schuetz as its General Manager and in 1960 she was a Senior Research Analyst there. She later served in research positions in various units of the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons/School of Public Health. In 2010, the 65th AAPOR Conference recognized the then six surviving attendees of the Central City conference and Anne was one of two who attended in person. She passed away September 6, 2020. 

Ashley Hyon

Ashley-Hyon.jpgAshley Hyon, Vice President of Research & Survey Methods for Marketing Systems Group, died recently.

She had graduated with a Dual Major BBA in Marketing and International Business from Temple University and later completed her Masters in Survey Research at University of Connecticut.

Ashley served on the AAPOR Standard Definitions Committee and was one of the behind-the-scenes folks that keep the AAPOR conference running. She had served in a variety of roles – docent, judge, and conference support. Ashley led the 2018 Speed Networking event at the AAPOR Conference in Denver, ringing cowbells to bring in attendees.

She used her expertise to help clients with their survey designs and recruitment strategies for data collection. Ashley's co-authored papers were published in Public Opinion Quarterly and the American Statistical Association’s JSM Proceedings.
Ashley was an active member in regional chapters and served the community as a President of the PANJAAPOR chapter. She saw people as the future of AAPOR: the melding of the breadth of knowledge from long-standing members with the new ideas and technical expertise of recent graduates and early career members.

Lauren Harris-Kojetin

L-Harris-Kojetin.jpgLauren Harris-Kojetin died peacefully at home with her husband on January 29, 2020, from metastatic cancer at age 56. Lauren became an AAPOR member in the early 1990’s and was an active AAPOR conference participant contributing to the profession with her many papers and presentations. She first met her husband Brian at an AAPOR conference in 1993.

Lauren served as the chief of the Long-Term Care Statistics Branch at the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). At NCHS, she oversaw a research program to design, collect, and produce statistical information on the supply, provision, and use of the major sectors of paid, regulated long-term care services. During her tenure, Dr. Harris-Kojetin led a major redesign of the program that replaced infrequent national surveys of nursing homes, residential care facilities, and home and hospice care, with the biennial National Study of Long-Term Care Providers, which uses administrative records for some sectors and collects survey data for sectors for which there are no national administrative data.

Prior to joining NCHS, Lauren led a research program at LeadingAge, an association of long term care providers, from 2002-2006. From 1995-2202, she was a senior researcher at RTI International, in Health Services, Economics, and Policy Research in the DC office, where she helped develop the Consumer Assessment of Health Plan Surveys (CAHPS). Prior to that, she worked at Response Analysis, Mathematica Policy Research, the Center for Survey Research at Indiana University, and the Eagleton Institute at Rutgers University. She published widely in a range of health and aging journals. Lauren earned her Ph.D. in political science from Rutgers University and was an elected fellow of the Gerontological Society of America.

Eleanor R. Gerber

eleanor-2.jpgEleanor Ruth Gerber of Bowie, Maryland passed away on February 26, 2020 just shy of her 75th birthday on February 27. Eleanor was born in Washington, D.C. in 1945 and grew up in Queens, New York. She leaves behind her sister Judith Werner, niece Liz Werner and nephew Joseph Werner. Eleanor earned a Ph.D. in Anthropology in 1975 from the University of California, San Diego. Her doctoral dissertation was based on field work she did in Samoa. She also held a Bachelor of Arts degree in Sociology from Barnard College, Columbia University, New York. She taught Anthropology at Allegheny College in Pennsylvania and George Mason University in Virginia.  From 1992-2008 she worked as a research anthropologist and manager at the U.S. Census Bureau where she advocated for increased use of qualitative and ethnographic research methods. She made important contributions to including hard-to-count populations in surveys, design of survey questions on race and ethnicity, and research on respondent privacy and confidentiality. Her cognitive interviewer training courses were legendary and the foundation she laid for this work has lasted long past her time at the agency. Eleanor had a lifelong interest in artistic hobbies including drawing, clay sculpture and a variety of crafts such as painted boxes. She was well known at the Census Bureau for the intricacy and complexity of her doodles, which she maintained were useful for concentration. She sometimes framed her colored pencil “doodles” as art. After retiring she pursued her love for drawing and painting in acrylics. She also enjoyed bird watching and keeping up with close friends. In addition to being a wonderful sister, aunt and friend, Eleanor taught and mentored generations of future researchers and she will be sorely missed by her family, friends and colleagues.  

Pearl R. Zinner

Pearl-R-Zinner_JDolan-Portrait.jpgFriends and colleagues are saddened to learn of the passing of Pearl R. Zinner in June of this past year, at the age of 99.  A New Yorker born and bred, Pearl Zinner joined NORC in 1951, first working out of the New York office as an interviewer at an hourly wage of 50 cents, moving through the survey department ranks, and becoming its director from 1963 until it closed operations in early 1985.  Pearl worked under Directors Clyde Hart, Peter Rossi, Norman Bradburn (3 or 4 times), Jim Davis, Ken Prewitt, and Robert Michael, and Presidents Phil DePoy and Craig Coelen. She eventually served as Special Assistant to the President, where her experience, good nature, and attention to detail were particularly valuable.
Zinner was an “operations person” who was in charge of many of NORC’s most important and challenging studies from the 1960s into the 1980s.   She especially focused on health surveys working with researchers from Columbia University, the New York Department of Health, and NIH. One example is described as follows (Hackett, 1991):
In 1973-74 NORC New York Office Director Pearl R. Zinner oversaw the execution of one of the most complicated follow-up data collections in NORC history. In the early 1950s, psychiatrist Thomas A. C. Rennie of Cornell University began the Midtown (Manhattan) Study, a survey that sought to capture how residents of midtown Manhattan are “dispersed along the entire spectrum of mental health variations…” Twenty years later NORC conducted the follow-up to the study … both those who remained in New York and those who had left. Many interviews were conducted in Europe and Asia as well as across the United States. Besides the length of time between the interview and the follow-up…the study was quite long. It had 385 main questions with hundreds more branching questions. The instrument include fifty-five observational items and a number of open-ended items. It could take as long as four hours to administer
The original Midtown Study had enlisted professional psychologists and social workers to act as interviewers, as was common for mental health studies then. For the follow-up, Pearl recruited and trained lay interviewers.  The success of those lay interviewers opened the door to future survey research on mental health topics using lay interviewers.
Pearl was project director or senior advisor for a number of national research projects, including notable health care research programs in the 1970s and 80s, including the Longitudinal Follow-Up to the National Material and Infant Health Care Survey (1990-93), National Medical Expenditure Survey (1988-90), and National Medical Care Utilization and Expenditure Survey (1979-80). She also led NORC teams for the Experimental Housing Allowance Program: Demand Experiment (1972-76) and the Evaluation of Follow-Through (1970-75). Under Pearl’s direction from 1964 to 1980, NORC’s New York office played a major role in national research programs and also undertook a series of research programs focused on the city and state, including the Five-Wave Study of Medical Facilities Utilization (1961-69); Reinterview of New York State High School Students, Surveys on Drug Use (1971-73); Utilization of Health and Other Social Services (1966); Physicians’ Attitudes Towards the New York State Abortion Act (1964-70); and the Survey of the Lower East Side (1961-64).
While she was rarely an author, her role in study design, questionnaire development, field management, and other essential data-collection tasks is mentioned in dozens of published acknowledgements.  
Zinner was active in AAPOR and served on Council in the mid-1980s. She was an honorary life member of AAPOR.
Pearl Zinner’s AAPOR Heritage interview can be found here.
Jeff Hackett at NORC has offered to collect any communications and pass them on to Pearl’s family.  He can be reached at Hackett-Jeffrey@norc.org or at NORC, 30th floor, 55 East Monroe St, Chicago IL 60603.
Quotation from:  Hackett, J. (1992). America by number: National Opinion Research Center fiftieth anniversary report 1991. Chicago: NORC.
The following people contributed to this essay:  Dan Gaylin, Jeff Hackett, Rupa Datta, Tom W. Smith, Norman Bradburn, and Alison Gross.


John Loft

darrell4.jpgJohn Loft died on August 5, 2019, after a courageous battle with cancer.
John served as the AAPOR Standards Chair 2016-2017 and Co-Chair of Current Knowledge and Considerations Regarding Survey Refusals Task Force in 2013-2014. He served on MAPOR’s Board from 2004-2006 and as conference chair in 2007. In November 2018, John was awarded the prestigious MAPOR Fellows Award. 
John began his career at the National Opinion Research Center after graduating from the University of Chicago with a PhD in sociology. He held leadership positions at the American Medical Association, Abt Associates, and RTI International, where he served as principal scientist for the past 20 years. 
Over his 40 years in social science research, John contributed to some of the nation’s most important health services research: National Ambulatory Care Surveys, National Survey of Residential Care Facilities, and, more recently, the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey – Medical Provider Component. In the 1990s, John was also part of the core team that helped launch the National Immunization Survey, one of the bedrock health surveillance systems of the Public Health Service. John published in Public Opinion Quarterly, the Handbook of Health Survey Methods, and other journals.

Kurt Lang

darrell4.jpgKurt Lang, professor emeritus of communication and sociology at the University of Washington, died on May 1, 2019. He was 95 years old.
Born in Germany, Kurt earned his master’s and doctorate at the University of Chicago in sociology, and spent several years working for the U.S. military. In a November 2017 article in The Atlantic, Kurt credited military service with spurring his ambition to study politics and people living in a time of upheaval. Indeed, his intellectual legacy in the world of public opinion reflects his studies in related areas.
With his wife and intellectual partner, Gladys Engel Lang, Kurt crafted the singular MacArthur Day study, which illustrated how television coverage could be perceived as reality and shape public opinion. Published in their 1968 book, Politics & Television, this study is the forerunner of myriad studies in our discipline. Indeed, in 2002, the chapter was hailed by Elihu Katz and colleagues as a canonic text in media research.
Kurt and Gladys’ work on media effects and public opinion also included a notable study of Watergate. In their 1983 book, The Battle for Public Opinion, they illustrated how the news media affected public understanding of Watergate and attitudes toward President Nixon. In 1995, AAPOR cited The Battle for Public Opinion as one of fifty books to significantly shape public opinion research. And with the current state of affairs in the White House, the book resurfaced earlier this month as the New York Times’ Michelle Goldberg wrote about “Trump’s TV Trial.”
In 1989, AAPOR awarded Kurt and Gladys its highest honor, the AAPOR Award for Exceptional Achievement in Public Opinion Research. In 1994, the Political Communication Section of the American Political Science Association bestowed upon them the Murray Edelman Distinguished Career Award.
Scholarship notwithstanding, Kurt and Gladys’ legacy extends to the world of art. Avid collectors, Kurt and Gladys wrote Etched in Memory (1990), an examination of the posthumous durability of reputation of women artists. Their extensive collection of prints and papers are housed in the Smith College Museum of Art.

Watch the Gladys and Kurt Lang Heritage Interview.

Darrell Donakowski

(Photo courtesy Julie Uranis)Darrell Donakowski, long time member of AAPOR, past Director of Studies of the American National Election Studies (ANES) and former employee of the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research(ICPSR) at the University of Michigan, died on Saturday, April 27, 2019. He was 51 years old.

Darrell joined ICPSR in 1997. He served as a project manager in the Collection Development Unit and was a key person in the founding of Data-PASS, a voluntary partnership of organizations created to archive, catalog, and preserve data used for social science research.

After working at ICPSR for over a decade, Darrell moved to the Center for Political Studies at the Institute for Social Research(ISR) to serve for more than ten years as the Director of Studies of the ANES, a project that has collected survey data before and after every Presidential election since 1948. In this role, Darrell oversaw the 2008, 2012, and 2016 ANES Time Series studies. In 2012, Darrell represented ANES in an NSF-funded collaborative project with ICPSR, NORC, and Metadata Technology to create a Metadata Portal for the Social Sciences. The portal featured rich structured metadata for two premier time series studies in the social sciences: the General Social Survey and the ANES.

After his departure from ISR in September 2018, Darrell dedicated his time volunteering in his community of Dearborn, Michigan, where he is remembered as a passionate fixture in local politics, a vocal advocate for effecting change, and an engaged member of the Christ Episcopal Church. Since the news of Darrell’s passing broke, friends and family have flooded his Facebook pagewith warm memories illustrating Darrell’s commitment to maintaining life-long relationships with the people that he loved. In the comments, a recurring theme emerges: in these divisive times, Darrell was a unique and unifying voice, always respectful of the opinion of others, but never hesitant to fight for what he believed was right.

Darrell received his B.A. in Psychology and Political Science from the University of Michigan-Dearborn and his M.A. in Social Psychology from Western University. 

John P. Robinson

Robinson.jpgJohn P. Robinson, professor emeritus of sociology at the University of Maryland, died March 22, 2019. John was a pioneering time-use scholar, an early advocate of the importance of measurement standardization in the social sciences, and an influential scholar of the mass media. He founded both the Communication Research Center at Cleveland State University (which he directed for 5 years) and the Survey Research Center at the University of Maryland (which he directed for 8 years). John influenced the lives of an unusually large number of people.  He collaborated with nearly one hundred different co-authors on numerous books and articles (cited over 25,000 times according to Google Scholar) and played key roles in AAPOR over five decades (including service as the 1976 conference committee chair, publication chair from 1980 to 1982, and POQ editorial board member from 1972 to 1982).

Harold Mendelsohn

Harold-Mendelsohn-May-26-1967.jpegDr. Harold Mendelsohn, 95, renowned sociologist and former Dean at Denver University died February 5, 2019. He served as AAPOR President from 1973-1974. Dr. Mendelsohn taught in the Mass Communications Department at the University of Denver from 1962 to 1988. During his tenure he also held a number of administrative positions in the University. He served as Chairman of the Mass Communications Department from 1970 to 1978, Dean of the Social Sciences Faculty beginning in 1984, and was Director of the University's Center for Mass Communications Research and Policy (formerly the Communication Arts Center) from 1962 to 1983.

He received his doctorate in 1956 from the New School for Social Research, where he majored in sociology and psychology. He completed his master's work at Columbia University in 1946 where he worked under Paul Lazarsfeld, concentrating in sociology and mass communications.

Mendelsohn did his undergraduate work at the City College of New York, where he received his B.S. in sociology with a minor in psychology in 1945. From 1958 to 1962 he was an associate director of the Psychological Corporation. He was Associate Manager of Marketing Communications Research for the advertising firm of McCann-Erickson, Inc., from 1952 to 1958, and a research associate at the Bureau of Social Science Research, the American University, Washington, D.C., from 1952 to 1956. Before going to the American University, he served as a senior survey analyst with the International Broadcasting Service of the U.S. Department of State (1950-1952); a study director with the Department of Scientific Research of the American Jewish Committee where, among other research projects, he worked on the Authoritarian Personality study and on the Research in Contemporary Cultures project with Margaret Mead (1947-1950), and as a research fellow, Department of Sociology, City College of New York (1946-1947). His research activity has focused mainly on social relations; attitudes and public opinion formation and change; communications; public health; and the sociology of politics. He was a frequent contributor to social research journals, publishing over 50 articles and authoring four books. He frequently lectured at conferences and seminars, and was elected to give the annual University Lecture at the University of Denver in 1968. He also served on numerous boards, commissions and governmental committees.  


Glenn H. Roberts

GlennRoberts1138987604.jpgGlenn H. Roberts, 95, died Wednesday, November 7, 2018, in West Des Moines.

Glenn Roberts was employed by the Des Moines Register for 40 years, retiring in 1985 as Vice President of Research and Director of the Iowa Poll. He was an active member of AAPOR and regularly attended the AAPOR conferences. In 1991-1992 he served as AAPOR Standards Chair. In retirement, Glenn Continued contributing his expertise in polling and research.
He was raised and educated in Illinois and received his BA in Journalism from the University of Illinois at Champaign. He was a proud alumnus and created an annual scholarship in journalism there. Glenn was past president of Des Moines Press and Radio Club, Newspaper Research Council, Iowa Chapter of American Marketing association, IMR/Opinion Research, and Des Moines Community Playhouse. Glenn received the Sidney Goldish Award in 1976. Glenn was born May 17, 1923, in Webb, IA, to Marcellus and Grace (Holman) Roberts.

Charles Y. Glock

GlockCharles.jpgCharles Young Glock, 99, died on Friday, Oct. 19, 2018, in Sandpoint, Idaho.

Glock served as AAPOR President from 1963-64. He earned a B.S. degree in marketing at New York University and an M.B.A. at Boston University. After four years of military service in the US Army. where he was awarded the Bronze Star and Legion of Merit, Glock earned a Ph.D. in sociology at Columbia University. Glock was professor of sociology at University of California at Berkeley, California. He was twice appointed chair of the department.
Glock is probably best known for his five-dimensional scheme of the nature of religious commitment. His list consist of the following variables: belief, knowledge, experience, practice (sometimes subdivided into private and public ritual) and consequences

Glock's first four dimensions have proved widely useful in research, because generally, they are simple to measure survey research.

His five-dimensional scheme inspired other sociologists to compose their own measures of religiosity. One of the more complex spin-offs was Dr. Mervin Verbit's twenty-four dimensional measure.

Aside from his accomplishments in sociology of religion, Glock's other important work concerns the sociological and cognitive sources of prejudice. His book "Christian Beliefs and Anti-Semitism" co-authored with Rodney Stark is based on surveys finding quantitative data in support of a theory tying Antisemitism to selective elements in Christian indoctrination.

Herbert Abelson

Cohen.jpgDr. Herbert Abelson died September 10, 2018 in Cary, North Carolina.  He was 92. He was active his entire career in the American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR).  He served as President in 1974, and in 1995 was the recipient of the AAPOR Award for "Exceptionally Distinguished Achievement."  He also served as Chairman of the Council of American Survey Research Organizations (CASRO).

His first full time job was three years spent at a research facility of the Department of the Army, housed at The George Washington University.  He directed several studies featuring new procedures for debriefing refugees and escapees from eastern European countries, and he developed tests for selecting personnel for the newly organized Army Special Forces.
Dr. Abelson moved to Princeton, New Jersey to join Opinion Research Corporation (ORC), a survey research company, as Chief Psychologist and later as a Vice President and Director.  What he had expected to be a brief learning period in the private sector became his career: applied social and consumer research employing survey methods for companies and government agencies.   
Abelson became one of the key social science researchers during this period to apply principles from the academic social sciences and statistics to the practice of commercial survey research.  Companies were only starting to use these methods for non-academic purposes after WWII.
In 1963, Dr. Abelson was appointed to a National Academy of Sciences study group in Woods Hole, Massachusetts.  The subject was civil defense in the Cold War, an area in which Abelson had conducted and reported relevant research.  The study group included physicists who had worked on atomic weapons during World War II, among other scholars.
In 1966, Abelson went to Vietnam for CBS News, to organize the first nongovernmental wartime survey of the civilian population of South Viet Nam.  The CBS study was conducted early in 1967.  Survey findings were distributed to relevant government agencies, and were the subject of a CBS broadcast.  
In 1969 Abelson resigned from ORC to cofound Response Analysis Corporation (RAC), an applied consumer research firm conducting inquiries for government and not-for-profit agencies as well as for for-profit companies.  Of particular importance were several national surveys conducted for the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and for the U.S. Department of Energy.  These studies utilized new ways of sampling respondents, new interviewing techniques and new procedures for collecting data. 
In 1993, Abelson accepted an appointment at the Woodrow Wilson School of Princeton University.  There he spent ten years teaching courses in survey methods and assisting faculty and students whose academic research included surveys. 
He is the author of a well-known textbook entitled Persuasion, How Opinions and Attitudes are Changed (Springer, 1959).  Persuasion was translated into several languages.  A second edition was published with Marvin Karlins (Springer, 1971). 

Doris Graber

Cohen.jpgProfessor Emeritus Doris A. Graber passed away at her Evanston home on February 17, 2018. Dr. Graber, a political scientist who spent most of her academic career at the University of Illinois in Chicago with additional appointments at Northwestern, the University of Chicago and Harvard, was a researcher and prolific author including 15 textbooks and over 50 book chapters and lectures worldwide. She provided seminal work on the effect of public opinion on the presidency and foreign policy, the role of the media in American politics and political psychology.

In a career that spanned over 70 years, she developed survey research techniques that are the foundation of much political science research done today. In addition to her academic pursuits, she was an avid skier and world traveler having visited every continent including a trek to the North Pole.

Dr. Graber was often recognized as a pioneer for women in her chosen field but also within university academics, mentoring hundreds of students and colleagues while providing an example for many young women as they entered their careers. Professor Graber won global recognition for her academic accomplishments but was most proud and supportive of her equally recognized husband, the late Dr. Tom Graber and their five children.

She authored many articles and book reviews in Public Opinion Quarterly and was the inaugural Fellow of MAPOR in 1988. She also served as MAPOR’s President in 1980-81, and one of MAPOR’s student paper awards was renamed in her honor in 2015.

Jean M. Converse

Cohen.jpgThe survey research community has lost one of its most creative contributors with the passing of Jean M. Converse (age 90), who died on January 25, 2018. Jean's career in survey methods began at the University of Michigan as a student in mid-1960s, and continued as a teacher and mentor for many years thereafter.

She authored a number of seminal books in the field, including “Survey Research in the United States: Roots and Emergence, 1890-1960” (1987), “Conversations at Random: Survey Research as Interviewers See It” (1974), with Howard Schuman, and “Survey Questions: Handcrafting the Standardized Questionnaire” (1986), with Stanley Presser.
A consummate social scientist, Jean trained a generation of students in the science and art of survey methods. As Associate Director and Director of the Detroit Area Study at Michigan, she was an exacting teacher and mentor, generous with her time and support, and her creativity, wit and humor were contagious. Jean's scholarship, as well as her unwavering interest in and service to the discipline, leaves an enduring legacy for survey researchers and those who studied under her direction.
Howard Schuman commented that “Jean was one of the most accomplished people I have ever worked with. Her substantial book on the development of survey research from its origin into the 1960s is a highly important scholarly source for all of us. Her little book "Conversations at Random" is a joy to read, concerning what actually goes on in actual survey interviews.”
Jean published many articles in Public Opinion Quarterly (POQ) and each is valuable and worth reading. One of these articles, Strong Arguments and Weak Evidence: The Open/Closed Questioning Controversy of the 1940s, reviewed a dispute in the 1940s between noted academics and pollsters on how to ask questions in surveys. Recounting the argument, Jean gave no quarter to either side, one of which happened to be founders of the Michigan Survey Research Center where she worked.
Probing the historical facts behind a 1944 POQ article, The Controversy over Detailed Interviews - An Offer for Negotiation, by Paul Lazarsfeld, Jean unearthed an early example of survey methods hyped despite "weak evidence." The paper exemplifies Jean's keen intellect, her sense of irony and her trenchant prose.

Learn more about Jean and her work in the field of survey research.


Scott Fricker

Scott FrickerScott Spillane Fricker was killed on December 22, 2017. He was 48 years old. His life and that of his loving wife, Buckley, were cut short by an act of inexplicable violence.

Scott was a long-term AAPOR member, the 2017 President of DC-AAPOR, and a Senior Research Psychologist at the Bureau of Labor Statistics. He earned his bachelor’s degree from the University of Richmond, his master's from UC Santa Barbara and the PhD from the University of Maryland in survey research methodology. Scott did widely cited research with Roger Tourangeau, Fred Conrad, Michael Schober, and Lance Rips, among others.

Scott Fricker was a colleague and friend whose kindness and warmth touched us all.  His untimely passing has impacted so many people, including the academic and professional community of which he was such an important part.  The intellectual curiosity that drove his career, taking him from a research assistant at the Bureau of Labor Statistics to a Senior Psychologist was contagious, with so many colleagues considering him a mentor as well as a collaborator and friend. During his 20 years with BLS, Scott became a highly respected researcher who authored many widely cited publications, and a leader who guided research on a wide variety of survey methodology topics.  His research at the University of Maryland’s Joint Program in Survey Methodology on nonresponse and data quality led to several BLS programs developing data quality metrics.  Earning his PhD from the Joint Program in Survey Methodology was only the start of his long relationship with the University of Maryland, where he continued to work with faculty and students on a variety of efforts. 

Throughout his career, Scott’s collaborations with some of the most prominent names in the survey research field impacted the way that survey practitioners think about standardized questionnaires and mode effects.  His tenure as president of the DC chapter of the American Association for Public Opinion Research is a reflection of how respected he was throughout the professional community. In addition to the regular duties required of the president of DC-AAPOR, Scott championed a diversity initiative aimed at increasing diversity and to bring in more students and early career members. This reflects what Scott was all about, caring about people and helping them develop and improve. 

For us all, Scott will be remembered as intelligent, warm, and caring.  His relaxed nature and easy smile made the time we spent with Scott feel less like we were working and more like we were enjoying time with friends. 

Allen H. Barton

Allen BartonAllen Hoisington Barton of Chapel Hill, NC, died on December 18, 2017, at age 93.  Allen was Professor of Sociology at Columbia University and served as Director of the Bureau of Applied Social Research (BASR) in New York City, NY. He was a tireless advocate for the value of public opinion survey data for understanding important political and social issues.He is survived by his wife, Judith Schneider Barton (married Paris, France, March 11, 1949), his children (and spouses) Stephen (Barbara) in El Cerrito, CA; Hugh (David) in Mystic, CT; Matthew (Maya) in Chapel Hill, NC, and Julia in Bethel, CT. He is also survived by two grandchildren, Sunjay (Susannah) in New York, NY and Pravin in Somerville, MA and by his brother, David K. Barton, and sister, Maida B. Follini and many nephews, nieces, and cousins.

Following graduation from Harvard University (1947) and service in the army in World War II (1943-46), he studied sociology at Columbia under Paul Lazarsfeld and Robert Merton, obtaining a PhD in 1957. Starting as a research assistant at the BASR in 1947, he worked on a wide range of projects, becoming Director of the BASR (1962-77) and a professor in the Department of Sociology (1958-1990).

Following his retirement he enjoyed privileges as adjunct Professor and Scholar with the Sociology Department at the University of Florida, Gainesville, FL and University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He spent a year (1948-49) at the newly created Institute for Social Research at the University of Oslo working on a survey of voting and interviewing government economic planners.

During three years at University of Chicago he worked on the law school's jury study (1954-57). Major projects at Columbia included studying methods of teaching reading in the US public schools, reviewing disaster studies, surveys of elites in Yugoslavia and the U.S., and a study of citizen-government relations in NYC neighborhoods.

He received the Robert M. Worcester Prize for best article published in the International Journal of Public Opinion Research in 1995. Allen received the International Research Committee on Disasters 2002 E.L.Quarantelli Award for contributions to disaster theory. These were published in his book, “Communities in disaster: A sociological analysis of collective stress situations” (1969), which was translated into numerous languages and widely cited.

His immediate family requests that family, friends, and colleagues across the globe take time to remember Allen and share those remembrances with others around them.

Janet Elder

JanetElder_PhotoCourtesyPenguinRandomHouseJanet Elder, noted editor of New York Times  news surveys and election analysis, died December 20, 2017. She was 61.

Elder was named the head of the New York Times polling department in 2005, and often wrote articles about survey-taking, explaining how the timing or structure of a poll might influence the results.

In 2000, Elder designed a national survey that was part of the New York Times series “How Race Is Lived in America,” which won the Pulitzer Prize for national reporting.

Daniel Yankelovich

Cohen.jpgDaniel Yankelovich, noted pollster, author and public opinion analyst, died September 22, 2017. He was 92.

One of the nation’s most respected social researchers, Mr. Yankelovich devised innovative surveys of small representative groups not only to track American preferences in cars and toothpaste, but also to understand the values and goals of ordinary people — what made them feel moral, happy or fulfilled, or miserable and marginalized in an affluent but impersonal society.

Unlike the pioneering pollsters George Gallup, Elmo Roper and Louis Harris, Mr. Yankelovich did not stress election results, though he accurately called some presidential races, and his work helped national leaders, including Presidents Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton, shape political agendas and domestic and foreign policies. He focused more on detailing, and explaining, shifting trends in American life: the “generation gap” of the 1960s, the rise of the women’s movement in the 1970s, the neoconservatism of many young people in the 1980s, the emergence of a “me first” self-indulgence in the 1990s, and in recent years a widespread feeling that Americans have no voice in the decisions that affect their lives.

“People feel they don’t have that voice, that they are not consulted, they’re not listened to, their views don’t really count,” Mr. Yankelovich told Bill Moyers in a 2002 PBS interview. But he offered a suggestion:

“We find when we bring average Americans together that they listen to one another, that they can contribute and that they can build, develop a vision of what they want our society to be like. And it’s really inspiring.”

The author of a dozen books and many articles for newspapers, magazines and academic journals, Mr. Yankelovich lectured at Harvard, the New School in New York, the University of California at San Diego and other universities, and was on the boards of corporations and cultural organizations.

In the 1970s, he began The New York Times/Yankelovich poll and developed many survey techniques that The Times and CBS News later jointly used in their coverage of politics and public opinion polling.

In 1975, Mr. Yankelovich and Cyrus R. Vance, who was later President Carter’s secretary of state, founded Public Agenda, a nonprofit foundation that used opinion research and town-hall meetings to engage public officials, educators and citizens on questions of foreign and domestic policy.

In 2012, he won the AAPOR Award for Exceptionally Distinguished Achievement. You may read his acceptance remarks here.

Reuben Cohen

Cohen.jpgReuben Cohen, 95, died on July 23, 2017. A longtime Princeton resident, Reuben was a founder and former president of the research firm, Response Analysis Corporation, president of the American Association for Public Opinion Research (1978-1979), and a past president of the Jewish Center of Princeton.

Reuben deserves credit for convincing Executive Council to allow a New York chapter (NYAAPOR).  Until then, many in AAPOR had opposed a New York chapter for fear that it might supplant the national organization.

A private man, known for his integrity and keen intellect, Reuben cared deeply about social justice and donated generously to progressive causes. Reuben was born on Nov. 26, 1921, in Washington, DC, where one of his first jobs was as a paperboy hawking newspapers at FDR's inauguration. He received his BS and MA from American University. His studies were interrupted while serving in the US Army in World War II, followed by a civilian post at the Pentagon. In 1956, Reuben moved to Princeton to accept a position at Opinion Research Corporation. He later co-founded Response Analysis Corporation.

Well recognized in his field, Reuben was called to testify before Congress as an expert in statistical sampling techniques. After retiring in 1986, Reuben spent time traveling, creating a Japanese garden, and cheering for the Washington Redskins.

Read Reuben's Presidential Address.

Eleanor Singer

Colten.jpgEleanor Singer died on June 3, 2017. She was 87. 

She was a research professor emerita at the University of Michigan’s Survey Research Center, which is part of its Institute for Social Research (ISR).  She had a long and distinguished career at the University of Michigan, at Columbia University, and elsewhere. 

Eleanor was very active in the American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR).  She was AAPOR president from 1987-88, and also served as conference chair, standards chair, and twice as counselor-at-large.  In 1996, she received the AAPOR Award for Lifetime Achievement.
“Eleanor was a major figure in the field of survey methodology and she will be greatly missed by all who knew her,” said ISR Director David Lam. “We are fortunate that she spent the last decades of her illustrious career at ISR, where she made major contributions to research, training, and the intellectual life of the Institute.”  Eleanor joined ISR in 1994. 

Among her many accomplishments was her ten-year tenure as editor of Public Opinion Quarterly (POQ), in which she elevated survey methodology as an academic discipline, according to University of Michigan political scientist and past AAPOR president Michael Traugott.  “Eleanor was editor of Public Opinion Quarterly at a time when survey research and public opinion research became established in the university setting,” said Traugott. “By her selection of content and manuscripts, she — in a very important but subtle way — promoted and encouraged the study of academic survey methods…”

Stanley Presser, another past president of AAPOR, who also edited POQ, had this to say about Eleanor:  “For nearly half a century, Eleanor Singer had a profound influence on both AAPOR (no one comes close to her tenure as POQ editor) and research on public opinion and survey methods more generally.  She worked on big problems in rigorous and imaginative ways and found joy in doing so – joy that she shared with 74 co-authors.  She leaves us a rich legacy.”

According to another past AAPOR president, Bob Groves, “Eleanor was one of those productive scientists who was also an incredible magnet for collaboration. She ended up collaborating with half of the people in the building, was known as a wonderful mentor, and an exquisite writer. Whenever I would get back articles I submitted to her that she had rewritten, I realized she made my pieces better. As a collaborator you would discover that again and again.”

In 2016, she received the Monroe G. Sirken Award in Interdisciplinary Survey Methods Research for “significant contributions in our understanding of survey participation, sources of nonresponse bias, and factors affecting survey responses; for pioneering research on the use and effects of incentives; and for leadership in developing awareness and understanding of ethical issues in survey research.”

Her work continues to play an important role in the study of survey methodology.

Singer was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1930. When she was 8 years old, her family fled the rise of Nazi Germany in Europe and settled in Astoria, New York. She completed a B.A. in English at Queens College in 1951, where she met her late husband Alan Singer. In her early career, Singer worked as a book editor at various publishing houses, and increasingly specialized in books about social science.  She remained a superb editor throughout her career.

In 1959, Eleanor decided to pursue graduate school at Columbia University. She earned a Ph.D. in Sociology in 1966.  There, she met and worked with illustrious mentors including Paul Lazarsfeld and Robert Merton, and her dissertation sponsor Herbert H. Hyman, who introduced her to public opinion research and survey methodology.  She went on to conduct research at Columbia University, the University of Chicago, and the U.S. Bureau of the Census.

In 2011, Eleanor, along with five co-authors of the textbook Survey Methodology, donated an estimated $60,000 in royalties to benefit graduate student education and research in survey methodology at ISR.

Eleanor touched my own career in a number of ways.  She was the editor of POQ who accepted my first methodological paper.  We went on to collaborate on six papers and a book.  I agree with Bob Groves that she was a superb writer and with Stanley Presser that no one came close to her as an editor.   Bad prose went in and good prose came out. 

Eleanor described herself as a contrarian and I can attest that she could sometimes be prickly, but these qualities made her abundant warmth and kindness all the sweeter.  I’m one of the many people who will miss her sorely.

Eleanor is survived by her children, Emily and Lawrence, and her grandchildren.  Eleanor and her family request that memorial donations be made to the American Civil Liberties Union, the Survey Research Center’s Junior Faculty Fund at the U-M Institute for Social Research, or the U-M Cancer Center.
ISR has a more detailed obituary (from which I borrowed liberally).

Watch Eleanor's Heritage Interview.

--Roger Tourangeau, AAPOR Past President

Mary Ellen Colten

Colten.jpgMary Ellen Colten, long-time director of the Center for Survey Research at UMass Boston, died on May 2, 2017, at her home in Cambridge, Massachusetts after an extended struggle with cancer.

Mary Ellen received her PhD in psychology from the University of Michigan and also held graduate degrees from Yale University and Simmons College. In 1982, Mary Ellen left the Survey Research Center at the University of Michigan to become a study director at the Center for Survey Research (CSR) at UMass Boston.  Although her interests and expertise covered a wide variety of areas related to survey research and its methods, common research themes were mental health, women’s issues, and environmental hazards. Her most ambitious and important research project, co-led with Professor Susan Gore in the Department of Sociology at UMass Boston, was a decade-long longitudinal study of teens from three Boston area high schools, who were followed into their young adult years, to better understand the correlates of their stresses and other mental health outcomes.

In 1989, she became director of CSR and served in that position until her retirement in 2014. She embraced her role as director with much enthusiasm and passion. In the 25 years under her leadership, the center’s funding, research portfolio, and national reputation grew and thrived.

Mary Ellen will be dearly missed by her colleagues at CSR, not only for her knowledge, energy, and dedication, but also for her care and concern for those with whom she worked.

Jack Elinson

jack-elinson-218x312.jpegJack Elinson, died on February 13, 2017. Dr. Jack Elinson was the founder of Columbia University’s Department of Sociomedical Sciences at the Mailman School of Public Health, the first such department in a public health school in the country. He was a pioneer in the field of sociomedical science, which incorporates sociology, anthropology, economics, history, political science, social psychology, and philosophy into the study of health and medicine. He is especially noted for looking at health through a different lens, measuring the “quality of life,” by the “5 Ds”: dissatisfaction, discomfort, disability, disease and death.

Dr. Elinson was born Israel Jacob in 1917 at home (“because I wanted to be close to my mother,” he often quipped) in the Bronx. His parents immigrated from Russia; his father, Zusha, was a paper hanger and his mother, the former Rebecca Block, died when he was six-years-old.

He grew up in the Bronx, Harlem and Richmond Hill, Queens, raised by his father, his older sister Annie and his paternal grandparents. He attended Boys’ High in Brooklyn (riding the subway two hours each way from the last stop on the IND Lefferts Boulevard subway line) and graduated from City College of New York with a degree in chemistry and psychology at the age of 20 in 1937.

During World War II, he served as a social science analyst in the War Department in Washington, D.C. and in the South Pacific, working with leading sociologists including Sam Stouffer, Leonard Cottrell, Shirley Star, Robin Williams, and Louis Guttman, researching morale and attitudes of U.S. GIs. Their work was later compiled in the groundbreaking volume The American Soldier. He received his Masters degree from George Washington University in 1946, and his PhD in Social Psychology from George Washington University in 1954.

During his time at the War Department, he met May Gomberg, who had come from Chicago to work in the Department of Labor Statistics, as part of the war effort. They married in 1941.

Dr. Elinson was a passionate advocate for racial equality and relished meeting international visitors at conferences focusing on social inequities and the new field of sociomedical sciences. These ideas were not well accepted at his workplace – the War Department, which was then located in the Pentagon. In 1950, Elinson was targeted by the Army-McCarthy hearings and questioned about his “unduly fraternizing with colored persons,” his visits to the Washington Bookstore where left-wing books were sold, and why he allowed his younger sister Marcelle to date a man from the “Communist-led Seaman’s Union.” Though many friends and colleagues, including military officers, testified on his behalf, the threatening atmosphere was deemed perilous by the couple, who now had four small children under the age of six.

So when Elinson was offered a position at the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) in Chicago, they picked up their lives and moved to May’s hometown. In addition to his work at NORC, Dr. Elinson, he also was an adjunct professor of sociology at the University of Chicago from 1954 to 1956.

One of the projects he worked on at NORC was a landmark study with Dr. Ray Trussell, Chronic Illness in a Rural Area, which demonstrated much higher rates of chronic disease among a rural population in New Jersey than were reported in personal interviews. The pioneering study was the first to include both on-site clinical examinations along with questionnaires in a probability study of the general population to collect valuable health data. Following that study, when Dr. Trussell became Dean of the Columbia School of Public Health in 1956, he recruited Dr. Elinson to Columbia, and the family relocated to Teaneck, New Jersey.

When Dr. Elinson joined the faculty of the School of Public Health (then part of Columbia’s Medical School), there was no role for a social scientist in the field and no social scientist on the faculty of the school. He asked the librarian to order books that reflected social science disciplines, including work by Michael Harrington, Oscar Lewis, and Thorsten Veblen. The librarian refused his request, claiming that those works had nothing to do with medicine. Elinson recalled that he had to get the “downtown” – liberal arts – campus library to stock them for his students.

In 1968, he founded the Department of Sociomedical Sciences (which began as a division) and headed the department from 1968 to 1978, and again from1982 to 1985. Elinson's research focused on assessing and addressing unmet needs for health care, and evaluating the effectiveness of health services. He and his collaborators carried out health surveys in Washington Heights and Puerto Rico, opinion surveys of mental health issues, studies of multiphasic automated testing for health, and drug use surveys of teenagers. He also directed the innovative Harlem Hospital Center Patient Care and Program Evaluation department from 1966 to 1971.

In the more than half a century that he served at Columbia as professor, department chair, and mentor, Dr. Elinson was recognized as a leader in the development of public health as a sociomedical science. He is acclaimed for bringing a new understanding of health measures. Instead of focusing on a medical model, he created the paradigm of the Five Ds: death, disease, disability, discomfort and dissatisfaction. This model is now widely used in assessing quality of life.

Elinson explained, “Social determinants such as socioeconomic status, the neighborhood you live in, the kind of family relations you have, the social networks which you exist in all contribute to people’s health or ill health. If you want to look at these questions, the way to study that is to use sociomedical science, which includes all the social sciences bearing on health questions.”

Dr. Elinson was deeply committed to improving health care delivery in developing countries, particularly Latin America. He helped establish the School of Public Health at the University of Puerto Rico, and led several studies there including an island-wide household survey of 3,000 families examining medical care use, and a report on the career attitudes of doctors and nurses, published in 1962 as Medical and Hospital Care in Puerto Rico. He served as a consultant with the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) and designed and analyzed public health programs in the Dominican Republic, Argentina and Cuba.

When he retired from Columbia in 1986, Dr. Elinson was granted emeritus status and continued to teach classes and mentor students. He also was appointed distinguished visiting professor at the Rutgers University Institute of Health Care Policy. He is the author, co-author and editor of numerous books and wrote approximately one hundred articles, book chapters, and government reports. In addition to those cited above, his books include Community Fact Book for Washington Heights, New York City (1963), Public Image of Mental Health Services (1967, with Elena Padilla and Marvin E. Perkins), Ethnic and Educational Data on Adults in New York City (1967, with Paul Haberman and Cyrille Gell), and SocioMedical Health Indicators (1979 with Athilia E. Siegmann). His papers are preserved in the Archives and Special Collections of the Columbia University Health Sciences Library. He is also the subject of an award-winning documentary, “Jack Elinson: Pioneer in the Sociomedical Sciences.”

An engaging and witty speaker, Dr. Elinson spoke at public health conferences around the world. He attended the first meeting of the American Association of Public Opinion Research in 1946, and served as its president in 1979-80. He was a fellow of the American Sociological Association, and received its Leo Reeder Award for Distinguished Contributions to Medical Sociology in 1985. A member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences, he also served on the board of the Medical and Health Research Association of New York City and the Bergen County New Jersey Tuberculosis and Health Association. He was honored with a National Merit Award from the Delta Omega Society (the honorary society in the field of public health) and a Festschrift (special tribute issue) of Social Science and Medicine in 1989. Columbia University grants the Jack Elinson Award to a graduate student who is the author of the best published paper in sociomedical sciences.

An amateur photographer and polyglot, Elinson spoke Spanish, German and Yiddish, and enjoyed singing in all three. Even into his nineties, he enjoyed regaling his family with a full-throated version of the Internationale in Yiddish. He traveled widely, and delighted in showing off his hometown of New York City to international visitors. They were enthralled with his intriguing stories about city spots that were off the beaten tracks, from the best pickle shop on the Lower East Side to the Apollo Theater in Harlem, where as a teenager he had cut class to listen to the likes of Billie Holiday, Count Basie and Bessie Smith.

He would often combine his professional research with travel adventures for his family. Together, they piled into a station wagon and crossed the country to California, Mexico, and back to their grandparents’ home in Chicago, car camping and stopping at numerous historic sites, museums and national parks. When working in Puerto Rico, he took each of the four children with him over school vacations, introducing them to the Spanish language, the island culture, and his public health colleagues.

He was predeceased by his wife May, a clinical nutritionist at the New Jersey College of Medicine and Dentistry, who died in 2010. He is survived by his four children: Richard (Lynn) of Huntington, New York, Elaine (Rene CiriaCruz) of San Francisco, California, Mitchell (Sande) of Roosevelt Island, New York and Robert (Cecelia) of Hillsdale, New York; seven grandchildren: Alex, Sara, Morgan, Blake, Matthew, Zusha and Sarah; and five great-grandchildren: Max, Zane, Keira, Mace and Stella Mae. The family wishes to express deep gratitude to William Amponseh who cared for Dr. Elinson in his later years.

Today, all major schools of public health in the United States teach sociomedical sciences. Former students of Dr. Elinson have continued his pioneering work on the impact of race and poverty on health at universities and health care agencies around the world.

At Columbia, where a medical librarian first refused to purchase sociology books for the graduate students in public health, there is now a collection entitled the Jack Elinson Sociomedical Sciences Library..

View Jack's AAPOR Heritage Interview

Read Jack's Presidential Address


Louis Harris

Louis Harris, one of the nation’s best-known 20th-century pollsters, died December 17, 2016. He was 95.

From the 1950s, when he founded Louis Harris & Associates, until he retired in the early 1990s, Mr. Harris forecast the elections of presidents, governors, members of Congress and many other public officials. 

In 1956, he founded Louis Harris & Associates. The bulk of the company’s early work was market research for concerns like Johnson & Johnson, American Airlines, Standard Oil and the New York Stock Exchange.

Over seven years, Mr. Harris worked for Democratic and Republican candidates in 214 campaigns in all 50 states, including 45 of 100 United States senators and half the nation’s governors.

His most prominent client was John Kennedy, who hired him in 1958 to help his Senate re-election campaign. A year later, Mr. Harris helped persuade him to run for president, and became a key strategist, advising him to discuss his Roman Catholicism openly and take a stand on civil rights.

By 1963, however, Mr. Harris had given up political advocacy to become a syndicated columnist and a public-opinion analyst for CBS News. Besides polling and appearing on the air, he developed Voter Profile Analysis, a model of national and state voting patterns by ethnic, religious and economic blocs that he used to predict election results with astonishing success, starting in 1964.

In a 2009 interview, Mr. Harris defended his efforts to influence political decisions.

“The key is — and this I feel more deeply than anything else,” he said, “If you know what people are trying to say, and it’s something that may save the country if the people running it know about it, can do something about it, then you have a deep obligation, a moral obligation, to take what they have said, and get to know the people that can do something about it.” 

James A. Davis

James A. Davis was born in Chicago in 1929 and died on September 29, 2016 in hospice at Saint Anthony Hospital in Michigan City, Indiana, surrounded by his family.

Davis was a distinguished American sociologist, best known as a pioneer in the application of quantitative statistical methods to social science.  Among his early-career works were “The Campus as Frog Pond” which asserted that career decisions of college men were shaped by “relative deprivation,” their relative standing vis-à-vis peers, and numerous studies of the social psychology and structure of small groups.  Davis’s most enduring impact on social science was his development of the General Social Survey (GSS) project, which has tracked trends in the social and political attitudes and behaviors of U.S. adults since 1972.  He was a leader in advocating for wide and timely dissemination of social science data, insisting that the GSS be made available immediately to scholars, policy makers, and students.  His own GSS-based studies documented steady trends toward greater tolerance and liberal attitudes, much of this a result of the gradual replacement of more conservative older cohorts by more liberal younger generations. Davis later co-founded the International Social Survey Program, which conducts comparative survey research across dozens of countries. Among his books were Great Books and Small Groups (1961), Elementary Survey Analysis (1971), The Logic of Causal Order(1985), and Social Differences in Contemporary America (1987).

After receiving his doctorate from Harvard University in Sociology in 1955, Davis taught at Yale University, the University of Chicago, the Johns Hopkins University, Dartmouth College, and finally Harvard University, where he served as chair of the sociology department in the 1980s and served, with his wife Martha Davis, as Co-Master of Winthrop House. A devoted and witty undergraduate teacher, Davis was quick to recognize the potential classroom uses of computers, and was an early promoter of what is now called “active learning”.  He conducted his classes as laboratories in which students developed and then tested hypotheses in real time using data from the GSS and other surveys, and developed software for the in-class analysis of survey data beginning in the 1970s.  His course “American Society” was a perennial favorite among Harvard undergraduates.

Davis was associated with the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago beginning in 1957 and continuing throughout his career; he served as its Director from 1971 to 1975. After retiring from Harvard in the 1990s, he lived in Chicago and Lakeside, Michigan; and continued to teach as a Senior Lecturer in Sociology at the University of Chicago.

Davis received his B.S. in Journalism from Northwestern University in 1950 and his M.S. in Sociology from the University of Wisconsin in 1952.  He was recognized with many professional honors, including the Warren J. Mitofsky Award for Excellence in Public Opinion Research, from the Roper Center (2010), the Warren E. Miller Award for Meritorious Services to the Social Sciences from the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (1997), the Joseph R. Levenson Memorial Teaching Prize from Harvard (1997), the American Association for Public Opinion Research Award for Exceptionally Distinguished Achievement (1992), and the Distinguished Contributions to Teaching Award from the American Sociological Association (1989).

View James' AAPOR Heritage Interview: - Video 

Helen Crossley

Helen Martha Crossley, 95, of Princeton, N.J., died on September 25, 2016.

Exceptionally bright and intellectually curious, Helen devoted her life to developing and improving techniques in public opinion research. She was a founding member of both the American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR) and the World Association for Public Opinion Research (WAPOR), and served as WAPOR's first female president from 1960-62. Through a philanthropic gift in 2012, she established the Crossley Center for Public Opinion Research at the University of Denver's Josef Korbel School of International Studies.

In tribute, the late George Gallup Jr. said of her: "Helen has always retained a fascination with research methodology, and also with the potential of survey research to make new discoveries about humankind, and to bring about positive change in societies around the world."

Immediately following her graduation from Radcliffe College, Helen went to Washington, D.C., to work for the Office of War Information and the War Food Administration during World War II. She earned a master's degree in 1948 from the University of Denver' Opinion Research Center, working under mentor Don Cahalan.

In the early 1950s, Helen worked in Germany for the Armed Forces Information and Education Division, ending as chief of its research branch. In 1955 she began her long association with the U.S. Information Agency (USIA), working with Leo P. Crespi to establish coordinated research surveys in many countries of Europe, Asia and Latin America. These surveys measured foreign publics' awareness of attitudes toward U.S. policies and culture, and were in effect the "Ear of America."

Following a two-year evaluation assignment with the aid program in South Korea from 1960-62, Helen became a freelance consultant, serving academic, commercial and government clients. She also worked for her father's firm, ArchCross Associates, and collaborated (through Political Surveys and Analyses Inc.) on several surveys for Governor Nelson Rockefeller and other political figures.

In 1979 she returned to USIA where she was instrumental in arranging for USIA survey data to be released for public use via the Roper Center for Public Opinion Research and the National Archives. She retired in 1992 with the Agency's Career Achievement Award. After her retirement, she took up full-time residence in Princeton and spent several years cataloguing her father's papers, which she donated to the Roper Center.

Extraordinarily thoughtful and generous, Helen had an impact on individuals and institutions that will live on after her death. In addition to her charitable gift establishing the Crossley Center at the University of Denver, she was a major benefactor in the restoration of the historic White Hill Mansion in Fieldsboro, N.J., her father's birthplace.

View Helen's AAPOR Heritage Interview: - Video 

Herbert E. Krugman

Herbert E. Krugman died peacefully at his home in Stamford, CT on July 30, 2016. He served as president of AAPOR from 1964-1965 and received the AAPOR Award for Exceptionally Distinguished Achievement in 1990. Combining survey techniques with his background in cognitive and physiological psychology, Herb was the leading theorist of his generation on how consumers react to advertising. After a period in research positions in advertising and marketing, he became manager of public opinion research for the General Electric Company, from which he retired in 1984. He was a president of the Division of Consumer Psychology of the American Psychological Association and the Market Research Council of New York; he served on the faculties of Yale, Princeton, and Columbia Universities; and he was a trustee of the Marketing Science Institute and a director of the Advertising Research Foundation.

View Herb's AAPOR Heritage Interview: - Video Part 1 |  Video Part 2 
Read Herb's 1965 Presidential Address: The Impact of Television Advertising: Learning without Involvement

Stephen I. Frank
636023511912252724-steve-frank.jpgStephen I. Frank died after complications of surgery on Wednesday, June 22, 2016.  He will be remembered for his many professional accomplishments. However, for those that knew him best it was clear that his love and devotion for his wife Barb and son Thomas were most important to him.  For many years there was a florist who would sell cut flowers and potted plants in the Atwood Center on Wednesdays. Every single Wednesday you could count on seeing Steve coming into the department after lunch with a bouquet to take home to Barb.

Steve will also be remembered for his devotion to St. Cloud State University, his students, the profession, and the community. Steve began his career as Ford Fellow high school teacher before pursuing a career in higher education, and always prided himself on being an energetic and innovative teacher.  He served SCSU for 38 years before his retirement at the end of this academic year. 

Among Steve’s many achievements was the founding of the SCSU Survey in 1980. He built it from a small class project for his undergrad research methods class into a nationally-recognized survey operation that Nate Silver rated as the third most-accurate poll of its size in 2012. In recognition of his body of work, in 2013 Steve was awarded the inaugural Distinguished Political Scientist Award by the Minnesota Political Science Association. 

Steve’s commitment to the success of his students and to the university extended into all areas of his work. Steve served as chair of the SCSU Department of Political Science, president of the SCSU Faculty Association, and president of the Minnesota Political Science Association. 

Steve also served as an instructor in the University of Minnesota Duluth Masters Program in Advocacy & Political Leadership. In addition, he was also active in the larger community and served as a council person for the city of St. Joseph from 2008-2015.

Allan L. McCutcheon
GladysLang.jpgAllan L. McCutcheon, emeritus distinguished professor statistics, survey research and methodology, and founder of the Gallup Research Center at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, died on May 3, 2016.
Allan was a social statistician with a particular focus on categorical data models, classification analysis, cross-national and survey research.

As a longtime member of AAPOR, Allan served in several capacities including: Chair, Janet A. Harkness Student Paper Award Committee (2012-2016); Secretary/Treasurer (2003-04); Associate Secretary/Treasurer (2002-03); Chair, Education Committee (2002-04). Additionally, Allan served in many roles within WAPOR and MAPOR throughout his career.

Allan received many distinguished awards over the years including: American Statistical Association Fellow 2004, Royal Statistical Society Fellow 2007 and the Council for International Exchange of Scholars Fulbright Senior Scholar 1995-96 award to do research at Tilburg University, The Netherlands.

Gladys Engel Lang
GladysLang.jpgGladys Engel Lang, professor emerita of communication, sociology, and political science at the University of Washington, died on March 24, 2016. She was 96 years old.
A sociologist by training, and a researcher for the Offices of War Information (OWI) and Strategic Services (OSS), Gladys was a lifelong scholar of public opinion and political communication. Her work in this domain began with her doctoral dissertation at the University of Chicago, which examined television coverage of the 1952 Democratic and Republican conventions. Her focus on media effects, particularly those of television, can be seen in scores of studies ranging from Watergate to the effects of polls on public opinion and political behavior.
With her life and intellectual partner Kurt Lang, Gladys was a fixture at the key public opinion, communication, political science, and sociology meetings. The architects of the now-classic MacArthur Day study and authors of "Etched in Memory," an expansive undertaking of how some artists' reputations survive while others do not, Gladys and Kurt had reputations that preceded them. Their decades of research illustrated the benefits of using multiple methodologies, and showed exactly how media coverage could exert immediate, long-term, and ancillary effects - not only on individuals and social systems, but also on news practices and policy outcomes.
In his introduction to AAPOR's "A Meeting Place," Paul Sheatsley described the Langs as "the very surprised, but delighted, winners of the [1989] AAPOR Award." The two also received the 1994 Murray Edelman Distinguished Career Award of the Political Communication Section of the American Political Science Association.

You can watch the Lang's Heritage Interview here.

William “Bill” L. Nicholls II
William “Bill” L. Nicholls II, who played a key role in implementing computer-assisted interviewing (CAI) at the U.S Bureau of the Census, died in Alexandria, Virginia, on March 23, 2016, after a brief illness. He was 85.
Bill was born July 1, 1930, in New Brunswick, New Jersey. He graduated from Bucknell University with a B.A. in mathematics and sociology. He also attended Columbia University as a graduate student in the Department of Sociology. After completing his education, he worked at the University of California at Berkeley for over 20 years, starting as a lecturer in sociology in 1959 and then joining the university’s Survey Research Center as Assistant Director and Executive Director. 
In 1980, he moved to Alexandria when he was hired by the U.S. Bureau of the Census as Director of the Computer-Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI) Project. For his accomplishments in the automation of survey data collection, he was awarded the Department of Commerce Silver Medal in 1994 and the Bureau of the Census Bronze Medal in 1986. He remained involved in CATI until he retired in 1997. He later served as a contractor for the U.S. Bureau of the Census.
Throughout his career, Bill authored and co-authored more than 60 articles and collections on CATI. He also presented papers and attended meetings as a lecturer or contributor at conferences in the U.S. and around the world. In addition, he founded, organized or chaired conferences for the U.S. Bureau of the Census and professional organizations.


Andrew Kohut
Andrew Kohut, president of AAPOR 1994-1995, died September 8 in Baltimore.

Andrew Kohut was a luminary in the field of public opinion research. In 2005, he received AAPOR’s highest honor, the Award for Exceptionally Distinguished Achievement.

Andrew was the founding director of the Pew Research Center, served as president of the Pew Center from 2004 until 2012 and directed the Pew Research Center for the People & the Press from 1993 to 2012. During that time the Pew Research Center established a broad agenda of research aimed at informing the national dialogue and has become a dominant information resource for the public, media, and policy makers on how the public views issues and trends shaping America and the world. The Pew Research Center and the name Andrew Kohut have become synonymous with quality research, and Kohut’s writings and frequent appearances on news programs confirm his broad understanding of the public and ability to disentangle and communicate the sometimes difficult messages embedded in survey data.

Kohut was trained in polling under George Gallup and Paul Perry, two pioneers of modern political surveys and went on to become president of the Gallup Organization from 1979 to 1989. From 1990 to 1995 he directed the Times Mirror Center for the People & the Press, the forerunner of the Pew Research Center, where he authored the widely read report, “The Age of Indifference: A Study of Young American and How They View the News”, based on a comprehensive research of the Roper Center’s archives for historical data on news consumption by age cohorts. Kohut also founded the opinion research firm, Princeton Survey Research Associates in 1989.

One of Andrew’s most important and unique substantive contributions has been his international polling, which began in 1991 when he and Madeleine Albright conducted surveys in 12 European nations following the fall of the Berlin Wall and the coming of political independence to Eastern Bloc nations. In 2001 he created the Pew Global Attitudes Project, which has conducted more than 340,000 interviews in 60 countries. The project has chronicled the rise of anti-Americanism, Islamic fundamentalism, reactions to globalization, and democratization across the globe.

In addition to his long service to AAPOR, Andrew was a past president of the National Council on Public Polls.He also served on the Roper Center’s Board of Directors in the 1980s, and in 2000, he won the New York AAPOR Chapter Award for Outstanding Contribution to Opinion Research. He won the 2014 Warren Mitofsky Award for Excellence in Public Opinion Research from the Roper Center. He has written extensively about public opinion for leading newspapers and magazines, as well as for scholarly journals. He is the co-author of four books, including, most recently, America Against the World from the Pew Global Attitudes Project work. Kohut received an AB from Seton Hall University and studied graduate sociology at Rutgers University.

You can read Andrew's presidential speech that was printed in Public Opinion Quarterly here.

You can watch Andrew's Heritage Interview here.

Sidney Hollander

SidneyHollander.jpgSidney Hollander, president of AAPOR 1972-1973, whose influence on standards is still felt in the AAPOR code, died August 24, 2015 in Baltimore at the age of 100. 

Mr. Hollander conducted market research on behalf of local and national businesses, including the old National Brewing Co., the Rouse Co. and The Sun. He was a co-author of the 1964 university textbook "Marketing Research."

He was busy during election campaigns. He was retained by candidates and newspapers to show how prospective voters were most likely to cast their ballots.

In the 1978 Democratic primary campaign for Maryland's governor, he was retained by the old News American to chart the election. The field of candidates included acting Gov. Blair Lee III, Baltimore County Executive Ted Venetoulis, Transportation Secretary Harry Hughes and City Council President Walter Orlinsky. Lee, who filled the vacancy after Marvin Mandel left office, led the polls throughout the summer. In August 1978, The Sun endorsed Harry Hughes, who had been running a distant third.

Mr. Hollander showed that after the endorsement, Mr. Hughes' campaign took off. The candidate beat his primary challengers and won the general election against J. Glenn Beall, his Republican opponent.

In a 1979 article titled "On the Strength of a Newspaper Endorsement" in Public Opinion Quarterly, Mr. Hollander wrote, "The newspaper endorsement made Hughes a plausible candidate, and the voters did the rest."

Family members said Mr. Hollander, like his father before him, was an activist advocate of civil rights, civil liberties and peace. They said that while his father was often in the public spotlight, Mr. Hollander worked behind the scenes.

Wolfgang Donsbach

WolfgangDonsbach.jpgWolfgang Donsbach, former WAPOR president (1996-97), died on July 26. He was 65.

A colleague of unflagging energy, Wolfgang worked tirelessly on behalf of WAPOR. His legacy includes the elevated reputation of public opinion research around the globe. In a report titled "Who's Afraid of Election Polls?", Wolfgang articulated the normative and empirical arguments for the freedom of preelection polls. He also played a key role in setting up WAPOR's ongoing worldwide study on the freedom to publish opinion polls. And he spearheaded WAPOR's thematic seminars dealing with Quality Criteria in Survey Research.

Another clear legacy of Wolfgang's efforts can be found in the pages of WAPOR's flagship journal, the International Journal of Public Opinion Research, with which he was involved for over a quarter-century -- first as manager of the editorial office, then managing editor, then editor, and finally as chair of its International Advisory Board.

Wolfgang's efforts to facilitate high-quality research in public opinion and related fields are reflected in other undertakings. In 2008, he co-edited with Michael Traugott "The SAGE Handbook of Public Opinion Research," which brought together state-of-the-art reviews of public opinion theory and methodology.

Wolfgang's deep commitment to our field - and its social and political significance - is best-reflected in his presidential address for the International Communication Association. In that 2005 address, he noted how "empirical research without normative goals can easily become arbitrary, random, and irrelevant... A common denominator of all endeavors in communication research could be to strive for research that has the potential to serve such general human and democratic values and norms, that is, 'research in the public interest.'"

Having published 18 books and over 200 articles and book chapters, Wolfgang Donsbach was widely read and highly cited for his research on public opinion, media effects, political communication, and journalism. His passing will be felt in multiple communities: at the Dresden University of Technology, where he was a professor of communication; in WAPOR and the numerous other professional associations with which he was actively engaged; and certainly, in the fields of public opinion and communication.

Mervin D. Field

field-BW.jpgMervin Field, a member of AAPOR for more than 60 years and a featured AAPOR Heritage Series interviewee, died from natural causes in Marin County, Calif., on June 8. He was 94 years old. Field is survived by a daughter, Nancy, of Oakland; a son, David, of San Rafael; a daughter, Melanie; and a grandson, Dante Lacuadra of Novato.

Field founded Field Research in 1946 and a year later launched the Field Poll, a well-known nonpartisan public opinion news service that used the latest survey methodology to predict California political trends. He was known for adhering to a high degree of ethical standards, transparency and accountability in his work.

According to the Los Angeles Times obituary, Field briefly attended Rutgers University and then the University of Missouri, where he studied journalism. He returned to New Jersey and worked for Gallup until the start of World War II, when he joined the Merchant Marine and served on a transport ship in the South Pacific and European theaters. He left the Merchant Marine in 1945 and started his business in 1946.

Field received the AAPOR Award for Exceptionally Distinguished Achievement in 1979. 

Additional details about Mervin Field can be found in this obituary from the San Francisco Chronicle. AAPOR members may share their remembrances of him on AAPORnet.

Norman H. Nie

Nie_April2015.jpgAAPOR Lifetime Achievement Award winner and longtime AAPOR supporter, Norman H. Nie, died peacefully surrounded by family and friends at his home in Sun Valley, Idaho on April 2, 2015. He was 72 years old. He is survived by his wife of 51 years, Carol P. Nie, daughters Anne Nie, Lara Slotwiner-Nie , son-in-law Peter Slotwiner-Nie, and granddaughters Sophia Slotwiner-Nie and Helena Slotwiner-Nie. In addition to his beloved family, Nie leaves a legacy of pioneering innovation as an academic social scientist and technology entrepreneur. He was a Professor of Political Science and chair of his department at the University of Chicago until his retirement in 1998, and then subsequently at Stanford University, his alma matter. Nie met his wife Carol during their college years at Washington University in St. Louis.

While completing his Ph.D. at Stanford, he collaborated to invent a computer software package to automate the analysis of quantitative data, SPSS. He was the CEO of SPSS between 1975 and 1992 and continued as Chairman of the Board. Nie was honored as the KPMG Technology Entrepreneur in 1986. Throughout his tenure at SPSS, he simultaneously produced academic research in U.S. political behavior and public opinion. Nie authored many articles and award-winning books and was a nationally recognized expert on voting behavior. In 2006, he was awarded a lifetime achievement award from the American Association for Public Opinion Research, and 3 years later he was elected as a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. His scholarly books were honored with the Woodrow Wilson Award (two times) and the Gladys M. Kammerer Award from the American Political Science Association. While at Stanford, Nie co-founded the Internet survey research firm Knowledge Networks where he was the Chairman of the Board. He was also the CEO of Revolution Analytics, a commercial software company, and served on the boards of numerous high technology firms.

Nie mentored hundreds of students throughout his career and was often described by colleagues as a force of nature; a man of vast energy and ambition, omnivorous curiosity, deep intellect, immense creativity, and everyday humanity. After work, he could usually be found on the tennis court.

A private burial will be held in St. Louis, and a public memorial is planned for the coming months. Obituary courtesy Wood River Chapel.

Janet Norwood

Norwood.jpgJanet L. Norwood, who ran the Bureau of Labor Statistics throughout the 1980s and maintained objectivity when politicians wanted her to interpret jobs data in a way that furthered their parties’ agendas, died on March 27 in Austin, Tex. She was 91.

“Simply put, all U.S. policy makers, businesses and families can make better decisions every day because of Janet Norwood’s work at B.L.S.,” Erica L. Groshen, the bureau’s current commissioner, wrote in a statement.

Dr. Norwood ascended through the bureau and was appointed commissioner by President Jimmy Carter in 1979. She was the first woman to hold the position, which she retained until 1991. After retiring, Dr. Norwood joined the Urban Institute, where she published papers and testified before Congress on political issues. She was also the president of the American Statistical Association. The School of Public Health at the University of Alabama at Birmingham named an annual award for outstanding achievement by a woman in statistical sciences after her.

Full obituary can be found here, courtesy of The New York Times.


William "Jay" Wilson 

William “Jay” Wilson, longtime CEO of Roper Starch Worldwide, died on March 22, 2015. Jay’s father, Elmo “Budd” Wilson, helped found AAPOR, serving as its first vice-president and second president. Budd Wilson was also a major figure in the Committee on Standards that wrote the original AAPOR Code of Ethics. Jay provided support to AAPOR over many years through the Roper Center, where he served on the board some 20 years.

His obituary can be found here.  


Philip Converse 

The field of public opinion lost one of its founders, Philip Converse, died on December 30, 2014. Philip was an American political scientist, past AAPOR member, professor emeritus in political science at the University of Michigan and a seminal figure in the field. His article "The Nature of Belief Systems in Mass Publics" and held that public opinion tended to be inconsistent across issues, unstable over time, and had little understanding of ideology. He co-wrote The American Voter, an instrumental work of political science using data from National Election Studies, a set of important surveys of American public opinion carried out by the University of Michigan Survey Research Center and the Center for Political Studies. He was honored by AAPOR with its highest award, the AAPOR Award, in 1986 for his lifetime contributions to the field, as well as to social science generally. 

Michael J. Mokrzycki

Michael J. Mokrzycki died unexpectedly at his home in West Newbury on December 19, 2014, after living life as fully as anyone could in 52 years. He was the loving husband of Jill Gambon, with whom he shared 21 years of marriage, and the devoted father of Brady and Connor Mokrzycki.

In his 52 years, Mike engaged fully with the world; his natural curiosity about nearly anything led him to the perfect career as an award-winning news reporter and editor for the Associated Press for a quarter-century. Mike was born on November 11, 1962, the only child of the late Walter and Frances (Koscielny) Mokrzycki, and was raised in the Maspeth section of Queens in New York City. His upbringing gave him the particular intensity common to the native New Yorker, which manifested itself chiefly in a lifelong passion for news of all sorts (and a collection of historic newspapers to match). He graduated from Holy Cross High School in Queens and Boston University, where he served as editor-in-chief of the independent campus newspaper, the Daily Free Press (and where he met his future wife). He later studied survey research at the University of Michigan’s Institute for Social Research. He joined the staff of the Associated Press in 1985 working in the AP's New England bureau in Maine and New Hampshire. He distinguished himself with coverage of national politics. From there, he joined the AP's general desk in New York as a reporter and editor, before joining the AP's election polling team. He was the founding director of the AP Polling Unit, where he set and enforced standards for coverage of election surveys.
In 2009, he established Mokrzycki Survey Research Services, an independent opinion research consultancy where his clients included NBC News, Pew Research Center, Harvard University School of Public Health, ABC News and the Washington Post. He co-authored several papers on opinion research analysis. He was an active member of the American Association for Public Opinion Research, where he was elected to the executive council and worked to preserve the history of survey research. For the past four years he was a consultant to NBC News, where he most recently served as manager of election polling for the November 2014 midterm elections.
Anyone who knew Mike was struck by the full attention he brought to his many passions. A necessarily incomplete list of Mike's interests includes barbecuing (with real wood in a double-chambered smoker, never gas), extreme weather (one of his proudest journalism accomplishments was a 1995 interview with Ted Fujita, creator of the measurement scale for tornadoes), the different varieties of kielbasa, computing as far back as his early adoption of online culture in the late 1980s, and music of all sorts. His long interest in the Grateful Dead included attendance at 59 shows as a fan and taper (he had the ticket stubs to prove it). His move to New England was accompanied by a conversion from the Yankees to the Red Sox, and he gleefully celebrated the world titles of 2004, 2007 and 2013 alongside all of New England. Mike lived for the outdoor pursuits of fishing and skiing. His passion for salt-water fishing, especially in the waters off Plum Island, extended to ownership of the Web domain stripedbass.com, and he was justly proud of the "earned turns" pursuit of walking up ski hills to take his runs.
Mike's greatest adventure, however, was his life with his wife and soulmate and their two sons. As an only child, Mike particularly relished joining the extended Gambon clan as the large family he had never had. He joyfully hosted many family get-togethers where great food and conversation flowed in equal measure. After settling in West Newbury in 2000, Mike became involved in open space preservation efforts. His idea of a perfect day revolved around anything he could do with his boys, whether that was a powder day at Mad River Glen in Vermont, where he was a shareholder, a night applying the live recording skills he honed at Grateful Dead shows to Connor's musical performances, or jumping on Brady’s suggestion to organize a family vacation to Dublin to see Arcade Fire. Mike was especially proud this year of both of his sons joining the Pingree School Ski Team.
In addition to his wife and sons and his oft-photographed Wheaten terrier mix dog Teddy, Mike is survived by his loving family: Andy Gambon and Karen Haggerty (Chelmsford), Mary Gambon (Lowell), Donna Gambon (Chelmsford), and Chris and Susan Gambon of Chelmsford; two nephews, Chris Gambon (Lowell) and Ryan Haggerty (Chelmsford) and his godfather, John Hupalo (Orland Park, IL) as well as many cousins and an international community of friends who will struggle to understand his premature passing, but who will always marvel at and celebrate his intense zest for living.

Photo/article credit:  Blake Funeral Home, Book of Memories

Sidney Kraus

Kraus-Sidney.jpgDr. Sidney Kraus died in November, 2014. Dr. Kraus was a professor of communications at Cleveland State University. He was a leading expert on televised presidential debates, and served as media and television advisor to governors, senators, and other candidates for public office. Dr. Kraus was a long time member of AAPOR for more than 40 years.


Michel Rochon

Michel Rochon, founder of ASDE, died October 14, 2014. Michel founded ASDE Survey Sampler, a privately owned Canadian company, in 1994 after a successful career in politics, education and management.

Michel Rochon eased into retirement by 2011 and continued in the role of honorary Chairman of the board of directors of ASDE.

He was a devoted member of AAPOR, MRA and MRIA among other associations, and contributor to articles and commentary. Michel was a leader and advocate for change; he supported more transparency, discussing methodologies and the need to respect the respondents; before there was talk of a DNC list he instituted one for our industry.  Michel Rochon instilled in us the determination to deliver quality work, utmost service priority and undisputed honesty. We count ourselves among the very lucky ones to have known him. To sit and have a conversation with Michel was exciting, challenging and enlightening. He believed in people young and old.

Dotty Lynch

Dotty LynchDorothea Jean Lynch, the first woman to be chief polltaker for a presidential campaign and one of the first to recognize the potential benefit of developing campaign themes aimed specifically at winning women’s votes, died on Sunday, Aug. 10, 2014, in Washington. She was 69.

Per the New York Times: “Ms. Lynch’s career spanned dozens of election campaigns between 1972 and 2012 and included stints at both ends of the political campaign bus. She was a consultant to the presidential campaigns of George McGovern, Jimmy Carter, Gary Hart, Edward M. Kennedy and Walter Mondale, and the political editor who designed independent campaign polls and interpreted their results (off camera) for Dan Rather, Lesley Stahl and Bob Schieffer at CBS News, where she worked from 1985 to 2005. For Mr. Hart, who appointed her as his chief pollster at the start of his 1984 bid for the Democratic nomination, Ms. Lynch devised what came to be known as the first national political campaign with its own ‘women’s strategy.’”

In her vast career, she also ran her own polling consultancy, Lynch Research, and briefly served as polling director for the Democratic National Committee.

“Dotty was a wonderful person. The first woman to go into hardball politics. And she never hesitated to help other women in the field. She supported and gave me at advice at a critical time when I was scared to death to start my own business,” said colleague Celinda Lake.

Photo credit Jeff Watts/American University



Martin Plissner

Plissner130BORDER-(2).jpgMartin Plissner, the former executive political director of CBS News who helped shape campaign coverage viewed by millions of Americans for more than three decades, died Feb. 6 at the Washington Home hospice in Washington, DC of lung cancer. He was 87.

He defended the use of exit polls and the media’s attention to what is sometimes called horse-race politics — the who’s-up-and-who’s-down reporting often derided by critics of modern journalism. Read more here.

Jack Honomichl

A well-known name in the market research industry, Jack Honomichl, 85, died on Sunday, December 8, 2013, in Barrington, Illinois. For many in CASRO and the research industry, the name “Jack Honomichl” has been synonymous with market research for over 40 years. As a market researcher and journalist, Jack has been a part of and a chronicler of the ups and downs and remarkable changes in the research industry since the 1970s. Jack and CASRO go back a long way – in fact, Jack Honomichl knew about CASRO when it was still just an idea in the minds of a few research company leaders. Since CASRO’s formation in 1975, Jack has applauded our success in bringing research businesses together and creating a mandatory Code of Standards, but he has also challenged our members and the association to grow, innovate, and adapt to industry changes.

In the 1980s, Jack asked CASRO to contribute to his annual listing of the “Top 20” – now, “Top 50” – U.S. Research Companies, which was then published by Advertising Age. Each year since that time, CASRO has provided an estimate of total revenues of the remaining CASRO members not included among Honomichl’s list of largest companies. Now, the list is published by Marketing News and Inside Research, under the authorship of Jack’s longtime friend and colleague, Larry Gold. CASRO is proud to continue to contribute to the annual “Honomichl Top 50.”

In 2011 with Larry’s help, CASRO was able to surprise Jack by honoring him—with his family present—with a Lifetime Achievement Award. Larry has written a wonderful tribute to and celebration of Jack’s contributions and lasting impact on the research industry. Read it here.

Elizabeth (Liz) Hoover

Elizabeth (Liz) Hoover, research psychologist at the U.S. Army Research Institute for Behavioral and Social Sciences (ARI), died October 8, 2013 in Washington, DC after a short battle with lung cancer at the age of 64.

Liz first joined ARI as a research fellow in 1990, when she was working on her Ph.D. in Applied Social Psychology at the University of Maryland. After earning her doctorate in 1995, she worked at Fu Associates, the University of Maryland, and the Defense Manpower Data Center before returning to ARI in 2010.

Liz was known for her soft heart and her hard work. She regularly drove 30 miles from home to work, even on days she had received chemotherapy and/or radiation. As recently as September 27, as the forthcoming partial government shutdown raised the possibility she would soon be furloughed, Liz needed encouragement to leave the office on time.

Liz is survived by her stepmother, Clare, of Washington, DC, and her brother, Morgan, of Silver Spring, MD.

Larry Hugick


Longtime AAPOR member Larry Hugick died suddenly and unexpectedly on September 22, 2013. Larry was Chairman of PSRAI, which he joined in 1993 after having started his career at Gallup.

As a nationally recognized expert in public opinion and election polling he made continuous and enduring contributions to our field of study. All of us who have worked with Larry will remember him not just for his professional accomplishments, but for his decency and thoughtfulness as well. Our wishes for comfort go out to Larry's wife, Chris, and sons, and all his colleagues at PSRA and in the general survey research community.

Fred H. Goldner


Fred H. Goldner, 86, Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Queens College, CUNY, died August 19, 2013, after a three-year tourist visit to cancer country without a return visa. Born in New Haven, CT, he had a long and varied career, going back and forth between academia and the public and private corporate world, which included serving both as Chief of Staff of the New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation and as an Executive Consultant with an emergent HMO- Sanus- and its national successor NYLCare.

His most notable scholarly contributions included: the development of the concept of Pronoia (the delusional opposite of Paranoia); the delineation of power relations within organizations; pointing out the necessity of following the flow of money through an organization in order to understand organizational processes; calling attention to managerial demotion; developing the concept of organizational cynical knowledge; studying the effects of belief systems within organizations; identifying correlations between managerial perspectives and future success or failure; discerning, by the analysis of survey data, the startling differences between the belief systems of older and younger priests in the late ‘60s. He served in the U.S. Navy 1944-46 and taught at Columbia Graduate School of Business 1964-70.

He was a member of the American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR) for more than 50 years, honored twice as nominee for president and serving on the Council and as Conference Chair in 1981. He started competitive swimming for the first time at 75 and placed in the top 10 nationally 76 times. During the last decade, he was an advisor to the Board of the Lay Center of Foyer Unitas in Rome. He leaves his brother Merwin; his daughter Saren; his son Paul; June, his ex-wife but present companion; and Joseph Lynaugh, his intellectual colleague and close friend of 45 years.

Rev. Andrew Greeley

The Rev. Andrew Greeley, the outspoken Roman Catholic priest, best-selling novelist and sociologist known for his deeply researched academic appraisals and sometimes scathing critiques of his church, died Wednesday night, several years after fracturing his skull in a freakish fall. He was 85.

"My privilege was working with Andy for about a year back in the late 1990s with Norm Bradburn on a grant proposal that never got funded -- looking at the transitions into and out of Catholicism among Latinos over time... It was an amazing experience working with such great minds (both Norm & Andy!)... Too bad it never got funded despite our best efforts. Perhaps Andy was ahead of his time!" said Rob Santos, AAPOR President, 2013-2014.

Robin Bebel

Robin Bebel, Assistant Director of the UVa Center for Research, died on Sunday, April 21. She suffered a severe heart attack on Friday morning, from which she never recovered. Her husband Dennis and her grown children, Nick and Maggie, were with her at the end.

Before joining the staff at CSR eight years ago, Robin was a key staff member at the Northern Illinois University Public Opinion Laboratory. We at CSR are feeling her absence more than we can say. We had worked on countless projects together and cheered her on in her heroic recovery from a severe stroke that she suffered five years ago. She had been planning to attend IFDTC in Providence. Our profession has lost one of its truly selfless contributors.

Kenneth P. Adler

Kenneth Adler, long time member of AAPOR and founder of Adler Opinion Research, died on April 17, 2013. Beloved husband of the late Alice Cecelia Adler; devoted father of Marc David Adler of Scotland, Steven and daughter-in-law Lisa Adler of Vermont, Aviva Adler of Israel, and Debbie Adler of Maryland; grandfather of Benjamin Adler of Montreal and Jacob Adler of Vermont.

Carol Hirschon Weiss

Carol Hirschon Weiss died on January 8, 2013. She was professor emerita at the Harvard University Graduate School of Education, and a long-time Research Associate at the Bureau of App[lied Social Research at Columbia. There she got her Ph.D in 1977, submitting in lieu of the usual dissertation her best-selling book, Evaluation Research: Methods for Assessing Program Effectiveness (1972) which generations of evaluation researchers have learned from. The latest version, grown to over 300 pages, is Evaluation: Methods For Studying Programs and Policies (1998.)

After getting her BA at Cornell in 1947 and an MA in political science at Columbia in 1949, she and her husband began raising three children. By the 1960's she was serving as a consultant for the federal program on juvenile delinquency, an early part of the War on Poverty, and was research director for ACT, one of Harlem's community action programs. This brought her into contact with poverty researchers at the Bureau of Applied Social Research at Columbia, which she joined and carried out research for the Department of Health, Education and Welfare on problems of data collection from low-income populations and methods of research on community action agencies.Out of this came her brief but influential 1972 book on evaluation research, in which she developed the idea that social action programs have an explicit or implicit set of theories about the causes of problems and the way interventions affect them, which need to be tested in evaluation research, along with the simple question of "Did the program work?".

She joined Paul Lazarsfeld's last major project, the study of the influence of social research on policy, and carried out with Michael Bucuvalas an ingenious survey experiment in which a sample of policy makers in the mental health field were asked to rate actual research papers, presented as two-page abstracts, as to their possible usefulness to their programs, as well as rating a set of features of the research as presented in the abstract. This demonstrated different ways which policy administrators used research and led to her book on Social Science Research and Decision-Making (1980). She also worked on the Bureau's elite survey of over 500 leaders of a variety of governmental and private institutions, and produced a POQ paper on "What America's leaders read" (1974), which was the Bureau's most-requested reprint, especially by the New York Times.

Moving the the Harvard Graduate School of Education she brought her skills at evaluation research and studying how research influenced (or failed to influence) policy to America's biggest and oldest "social program," public education, teaching educational researchers both the techniques of "effects research" and how to make the results relevant to policy makers. In 1992 she published "Organizations for Policy Analysis: Helping Governments Think, which summed up what she had learned from her research and practice.

She was a great colleague and a great teacher, but could joke about herself. She once told me about her trip to Paris as a student, on which she noticed on the subway map the Place de la Bastille. She decided she had to see the famous prison, and took the train there. Coming up in the Place, she immediately recalled that the whole building had been torn down stone by stone by the revolutionaries.



Alice Padawer-Singer

Alice Padawer-Singer died peacefully in her sleep Dec. 6 at St. Luke's Hospital in New York. She was two weeks shy of her 90th birthday. Dr. Padawer-Singer was a remarkable woman.

Professor of Psychology and the originator of the Science of Jury Selection, she maintained throughout her life an abiding passion for justice resulting in her concentrating her professional efforts in the area of Free Press - Fair Trial Studies. She was the first person to conduct truly empirical studies of how six versus twelve person juries under unanimous and non-unanimous conditions came to decisions. These studies were conducted in Queens Supreme Court using an actual trial and actual jurors chosen by Voir Dire from the general jury pool. A native of France, Alice was forced to flee from her country by the Nazi invasion in 1940. Escaping with her father Isaac Padawer and her mother Rosa Padawer, she went from Vichy, France to Casablanca, Martinique (where she was interned by the Vichy government) and Cuba before gaining admission to the United States.

A true woman of valor and daughter of Israel, she is survived by her son, Andrew N. Singer; her daughter, Rickie Peaslee-Singer; her sister, Simone Blum; three grandchildren Isabel Singer, Alex Peaslee and Lauren Peaslee; and loving nieces, nephews and cousins too numerous to mention.

Dr. Seymour Lieberman

Dr. Seymour Lieberman, known to all as Sy, died on October 1st, 2012, after a long battle with Parkinson's disease. Dr. Lieberman received his undergraduate degree at Brooklyn College and his Ph.D. in Social Psychology from the University of Michigan.

Dr. Lieberman started his career at the Survey Research Center of the University of Michigan where he served as Senior Study Director in the Human Relations Program and conducted studies on the structure and functioning of large organizations. Among the areas of expertise he developed were measuring employee morale, productivity, absenteeism, turnover, supervisory practices and union-management relations in a variety of industrial, governmental and voluntary institutions.

In 1956, Dr. Lieberman joined the Kenyon and Eckhardt advertising agency as a Market Research Group Head. In this role he developed innovative research approaches in communication and consumer behavior using public opinion research. He quickly rose to Vice President and Director of Research, was selected to serve on the agency’s Board of Directors and s as a member of the agency’s Marketing Plans Board and Creative Review Board.

Under his aegis, the Kenyon and Eckhardt research department became known as one of the most innovative in the industry. The department developed techniques in measuring advertising and communication effectiveness and consumer attitude segmentation using attitudes and social factors in understanding consumer behavior. It also had its own survey division. Sy ran the department in a way that fostered openness and creativity and many of the members of his department went on from his mentorship to later fame in the marketing, advertising and public opinion research fields.

In 1966, Dr. Lieberman, at heart a true entrepreneur, and a man who never saw obstacles, only challenges and opportunities, left K&E to form Lieberman Research, Inc., to conduct studies in the fields of public opinion , market and communications research. Knowing that key employees might also feel the tug of entrepreneurism, he encouraged and supported them in the formation of independent branches of the company in Los Angeles and Great Neck, and nurtured their growth to among the largest and most innovative firms in the industry until his retirement from active involvement in the company in 1993.

At that time, Dr. Lieberman found that he was being called on to conduct research for legal issues. In 1993, Dr. Lieberman formed The Epsilon Group Inc., a market research consulting organization to law firms, specializing in n intellectual property issues..

Dr. Lieberman maintained a lifelong connection with the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, establishing a fellowship and consulting with them on curriculum and other issues. He has lectured on survey research methods at the University of Michigan, Columbia University, Vanderbilt University, the Baruch School of the City University of New York, the University of California, and Fairleigh-Dickinson, among others.

Dr. Lieberman spent more than 30 years as a Research Consultant for the American Cancer Society, and has also consulted for the American Lung Association, the President’s Committee for Health Education, the United Jewish Appeal, the Presbyterian Church, the New York City Youth Board, and Major League Baseball.

Sy was a member of the American Psychological Association, the American Association for Public Opinion Research, the American Marketing Association, the Advertising Research Foundation, and the Market Research Council.

He leaves behind a loving family including his wife Marilyn Watts Lieberman, his sons Joshua and Mark, his stepdaughter Fern Watts and 5 grandchildren. He is also being mourned by many of his former employees, colleagues and clients all of whom had the privilege to share Sy’s his warmth, creativity and mentoring nature which enriched their lives and careers.

Janet A. Harkness

Janet Harkness died on Memorial Day (May 28, 2012) in Germany at age 63.  Harkness was the Director of the Survey Research and Methodology graduate program and Gallup Research Center, and holder of the Donald and Shirley Clifton Chair in Survey Science at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.  She was the founder and Chair of the Organizing Committee on the International Workshop on Comparative Survey Design and Implementation (CSDI).  Her many contributions to cross-national and cross-cultural survey research included service as Head of the International Social Survey Programme’s Methodology Committee (1997-2008),  board member of the National Science Foundation’s (USA) Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences Advisory Board (2008-present),  board member of the  Deutsches Jugendinstitut (Germany) Advisory Board (2009-present), Co-initiator of the Cross-Cultural Survey Guidelines Initiative, Chair of the Organizing Committee for the International Conference on Survey Methods in Multicultural, Multinational and Multiregional Contexts (3MC, Berlin 2008), and member of the European Social Survey’s (ESS) Central Coordinating Team. The ESS was awarded the European Union’s top annual science award, the Descartes Prize, in 2005.  She has been a member of WAPOR since 2009.

Besides her substantial contributions and organizational achievements in cross-national survey research, Harkness made major contributions to the scholarly literature including Cross-Cultural Survey Equivalence (1998), Cross-Cultural Survey Methods (with F.J.R. Van de Vijver and P. Ph. Mohler, 2003), and Survey Methods in Multicultural, Multinational, and Multiregional Contexts (with M. Braun, B. Edwards, T.P. Johnson, L.F Lyberg, P. PH. Mohler, B. Pennell and T.W. Smith, 2010).

W. Philips Davison

W. Philips Davison, age 93, longtime resident of Princeton, N.J. died Wednesday, May 16 in Washington, D.C. Mr. Davison was a Princeton University graduate, and a longtime former member of the Witherspoon Street Presbyterian Church, was in the OSS in WWII, and formerly a member of the RAND Corporation, a prominent professor at the Columbia Graduate School of Journalism, a founder, and the former President and editor of the magazine of the American Society of Public Opinion Research. He was the author of many books. His loving survivors include his wife Emma- Rose Martin; his son Stowe of College Park, M.D.; his daughter Holly Wolf of Fairport, N.Y.; one grandson, and two great-grandsons.

E. Richard (“Rick”) Brown

Nearly a year ago (April 20, 2012), Dr. E. Richard (“Rick”) Brown died. I am not sure if Rick was ever an AAPOR member, but he was the driving force that developed the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS), the nation’s largest state health survey, which employs many AAPOR members (both here at UCLA and at our data collection contractor, Westat).

In 2006, the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research (also founded by Rick) and CHIS were awarded AAPOR’s Policy Impact Award and Rick attended the conference to accept the award from Nancy Belden. More information about Rick, his life, and many contributions to public health and survey research is available at http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/newsroom/press-releases/pages/details.aspx?NewsID=110



Sir Roger Jowell
March 26, 1942 – December 25, 2011

Sir Roger Jowell died December 25, 2011 in London at age 69. Jowell was winner of the WAPOR Helen Dinerman Award for career contributions to innovative research and survey research methodology in 2005. His many contributions to the social sciences and survey research include co-founding with Gerald Hoinville Social and Community Planning research (now the National Centre for Social Research) in 1969, starting the British Social Attitudes Survey (BSAS) in 1983, co-directing the British Election Studies from 1983 to 2000, co-founding the International Social Survey Programme in 1984, and organizing the European Social Survey (ESS) which had its first round in 2002/2003. The ESS was awarded the European Union’s top annual science award, the Descartes Prize, in 2005. In 2008, Jowell was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for his leadership in the social sciences.

Besides his unparalleled institution-building achievements, Jowell made major contributions to the scholarly literature including How Britain Votes (1985) and The Rise of New Labour (2001) with A.F. Heath and John Curtice, Measuring Attitudes Cross-Nationally (2007) with Caroline Roberts, Rory Fitzgerald, and Gillian Eva, Attitude Measurement (2008) with Caroline Roberts, and many of the annual volumes of the BSAS.

As his colleague Rory Fitzgerald, Deputy Director of the Centre for Comparative Social Surveys, City University London, noted, Jowell “made an exceptional contribution to social sciences in the UK and across the world. His firm belief in the need for methodological rigour has helped ensure there is a school within public opinion research that is scientifically driven.”

Mary Nichols Arragon Spaeth
January 30, 1932 – November 22, 2011

Mary Nichols Arragon Spaeth, 79, died Nov. 22 at her home in Corvallis.

She was born on Jan. 30, 1932, in Portland to Professor Reginald F. Arragon and Gertrude Nichols Arragon. Except for a year in England, she spent her childhood years in Portland, attending the Hillside School and graduating from the Catlin School in 1949. She graduated from Reed College in 1953. It was while at Reed that she met her future husband, Joe L. Spaeth.

She got her master's degree in library science from Columbia University, New York City, in 1954. She returned to Portland, where she and Joe, then a graduate student at the University of Chicago, were married on Aug. 28, 1954, in the Reed College Chapel after a three-year engagement.

While Joe continued his studies, Mary worked in the library of the Chicago Historical Society until the birth of their first son, Donald, in December 1956, followed by Alan in March 1960. Mary remained a stay-at-home mother until 1967, when she became editorial director at the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago.

In 1971, she and Joe moved to the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where she was editor and librarian (with a variety of titles) in the Survey Research Laboratory until her retirement in February 1992. When she retired, she became an honorary life member of the American Association of Public Opinion Research.

After Joe retired the following year, they moved back to the Pacific Northwest, and settled in Corvallis. They became avid golfers, playing not only at the Corvallis Country Club but at courses during their travels throughout the West.

Mary is survived by Joe, her husband of 57 years; and by sons Donald (Tamasine) of Glasgow, Scotland, and Alan (Margaret Danahy) of Beaverton.

George Gallup Jr.
April 9, 1930 – November 23, 2011

George Gallup Jr, who helped lead the public opinion polling firm founded by his father until his retirement in 2004, has died of cancer at the age of 81.

George Horace Gallup III was born on April 9, 1930 in Evanston, IL, five years before his father founded the business.

After graduating with a degree in religion in 1953, he considered becoming an Episcopal priest, but after two years working with young people at an African-American church in Galveston, Texas, he chose to join his older brother Alec at the family company.

George Jr was involved in traditional political polls, but expanded the firm’s services into religious surveys, when he became known as one of the first pollsters to ask questions about organized religion and religious teachings and practice in the US. In 1977, he helped found the Princeton Religion Research Center, which produced reports on the effect of religious belief on health, trends in church attendance, and religion and young people.

He remained with the family business for half a century; latterly as Chairman and corporate spokesman while his brother served as co-Chairman. Their father died in 1984, and four years later the family sold their stake in the business to Nebraska-based Selection Research (SRI).

After stepping down from his role in 2004, George Jr set up nonprofit organization the George H. Gallup Foundation, through which he and his wife Kingsley organized an annual ‘Ideas for Progress’ seminar, which sought solutions to social problems identified by the polls.

He also published books on American religion and spirituality, and had recently published ‘The Gallup Guide: Reality Check for Twenty First Century Churches’.

Frank Newport, Gallup’s Editor in Chief said of him: ‘George had this unusual combination of training at his father's knee in polling, the scientific ascertainment of public opinions, and also a passion for religion.’

George Jr’s wife died in 2007, and his brother Alec in 2009. He is survived by his daughters Alison and Kingsley, son George IV, sister Julia Gallup Laughlin, and two grandchildren.

Watch George Gallup Jr.'s AAPOR Heritage Interview

Norval D. Glenn
August 13, 1933 – February 15, 2011

After a brave fight for his life, Norval lost his two and a half year battle with Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) on February 15, 2011. He died peacefully at Seton Medical Center Williamson surrounded by his loved ones.

Born on August 13, 1933, at the Glenn Ranch in Lea County, New Mexico, Norval attended school in Tatum, New Mexico and received a B.A. in Social Science from New Mexico State University. After serving in the Army for four years, Norval earned his Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Texas at Austin. He taught at Miami University in Ohio and University of Illinois at Urbana until 1964. That year he returned to teach in the Sociology Department at UT Austin where he remained on the faculty until his retirement in January 2011.

Norval was the Ashbel Smith Professor, University of Texas since 1984 and Stiles Professor in American Studies, University of Texas since 1991. Norval was a nationally and internationally recognized sociologist, and his passing is a loss to the sociology research community. He had a distinguished career as a UT scholar and professor and excelled at his meticulous research.

He was known for his kind, considerate, and fair manner; his devotion to his students; and his prolific publications. Norval was devoted to his scholarly life and his sociological research, which he loved to do and did so well. Throughout his career Norval had several research interests in which he distinguished himself, including social and cultural change, methods and survey data analysis, aging and the life cycle and ending with a focus on family and family policy research.

Norval was the editor of Contemporary Sociology, 1978-1980, and the Journal of Family Issues, 1985-1989. Additionally, he served on the editorial boards of numerous other academic journals including; Contemporary Sociology, Journal of Family Issues, Social Science Quarterly, Demography, Public Opinion Quarterly, American Sociological Association Rose Monograph Series, Social Indicators Research, American Sociologist, Social Science Quarterly, American Sociological Review, Journal of Marriage and the Family, Journal of Family Issues, and Social Science Research.

During his long career Norval was awarded numerous awards including: the Distinguished Alumnus Award, New Mexico State University, 1988; the Outstanding Graduate Teacher Award, University of Texas at Austin, 1993; Silver Spurs Centennial Teaching Fellowship, an undergraduate teaching award, 2003; the Texas Council on Family Relations 2004 Moore-Bowman Award for outstanding achievement in the field of family relations; and the Warren E. Miller Award for Meritorious Service to the Social Sciences granted by the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research, 2007.

Norval was preceded in death by his parents, William Noah Glenn and Edna Cochrain Glenn; sister, Dennis LaRue Glenn Fullingim; and nephew, Peyton Fullingim. He is survived by his wife and step-son, Grace G. Glenn and Erik A. Schmitt, both of Austin, brother-in-law, J. Worth Fullingim of Lubbock; and numerous cousins.

The family wishes to thank the staff and nurses at Texas Oncology Seton Williamson and Seton Medical Center Williamson for the warm and loving care they provided Norval throughout his illness. Also, the family thanks Dr. David George for the excellent care that he provided and the kindness, understanding, and compassion that he always extended to Norval.

Norval's life was extended as a result of the numerous units of blood and platelets that he received throughout his illness. Therefore, the family requests donations of blood or platelets be made in remembrance of Norval, in lieu of floral remembrances. Norval's ashes will be laid to rest at the Glenn Ranch in Lea County, New Mexico.

Robert G. Mason
July 4, 1927 – Feb. 4, 2011

Corvallis native Robert G. Mason, emeritus professor of statistics at Oregon State University, died of natural causes Feb. 4, 2011, at Corvallis Caring Place. He was 83.

He was born July 4, 1927, to Earl G. and Gladys Weatherspoon Mason at Good Samaritan Hospital, and attended Harding Elementary School, the local middle school at what is now Central Park, and Corvallis High School.

For two summers while in high school, he worked for the U.S. Forest Service, primarily as compassman and lookout in the Foley Ridge area of the Willamette National Forest. The nation was at war, and available able-bodied men were scarce.

CHS allowed 17-year-olds the option of leaving high school early for enlistment or higher education, and Bob chose Oregon State College (now OSU). When he turned 18, he enlisted in the U.S. Army, serving with Headquarters Company of the 1067th Engineers in the occupation of Japan, stationed at Kyoto. His tour of duty, which ended with an eye injury, is chronicled in his 2007 memoir "My Stretch in the Service."

After recovering, Bob resumed his studies at OSC, working in the newsroom of the Barometer, where he noticed a quiet, tall girl his friends said he should get to know. They dated; when Suzanne Cockeram transferred to the University of Oregon to pursue her journalism degree, Bob bought what he would later call "that miserable Chev" so he could see her on weekends.

When Bob finished his bachelor's degree in agriculture and Sue likewise graduated, they were married Jan. 14, 1951, in Yoncalla, leaving immediately for Madison, Wis., where Bob earned a master's degree in agricultural journalism, and then to Ames, Iowa, where he worked in ag extension information.

In 1953, Bob was named ag experiment station editor at OSC, and they returned to Corvallis, where, among his publications, Bob launched the quarterly magazine Oregon's Agricultural Progress. He later earned a doctorate in communication research at Stanford University, and completed a year's post-doctoral studies in the philosophy of science at Princeton University.

Bob spent the rest of his academic career in the Survey Research Center at OSU, conducting public opinion surveys - including policy-changing studies for the Internal Revenue Service, the American Bar Foundation, and on the state of the City of Corvallis - and writing journal articles and book chapters on survey methodology and the ethics of survey research into his late 70s.

In his middle years, Bob successfully fought a development across the road from his family farm near Jefferson, aided in his 10-year legal battle by 1000 Friends of Oregon. The effort to preserve Hale Butte from subdivision took Bob twice to the Oregon Supreme Court, and cemented the authority of the statewide land-use development code. The lawsuit had national land-use ramifications.

Bob served on the Corvallis Budget Commission and the original and independent Committee for Citizen Involvement, and was until recently active in land-use issues in Benton and Linn counties. His activities in land use included helping found Friends of Linn County and the Goal One Coalition. He was an early and constant force opposing development of northwest Corvallis acreage through a group now known as Friends of Witham Oaks.

Bob's health issues included Alzheimer's disease, which clouded his memory of recent events without robbing him of awareness of his past, his family, friends or his surroundings. Indeed, those who came to know Bob Mason during his months at the Corvallis Caring Place enjoyed a sharp, outgoing and humorous man, rather than the reserved scholar who sometimes walked in such deep concentration past friends and family that he failed to notice their repeated greetings.

He paid attention when it counted, encouraging his daughters in spirited dinner-table debates while pounding in his belief that life was theirs to lead regardless of their gender. Bob's passion for fairness and ethics led him to create the Mason Prize for Integrity and Moral Courage, an award to be given through the Spring Creek Project of OSU as it might be occasionally earned by academicians resisting pressure to stifle their scientific discoveries.

Bob and Sue just celebrated their 60th wedding anniversary. Bob is also survived by his daughters, Nancy Mason Vandell of San Ramon, Calif., and Laurie Mason of Corvallis; and son-in-law Clark Vandell and grandson Perry Robert Vandell, also of San Ramon. He was predeceased last July by his brother, Roger Mason, his only sibling.